|Title||Insights into transition state stabilization of the beta-1,4-glycosidase Cex by covalent intermediate accumulation in active site mutants|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||Notenboom, V, Birsan, C, Nitz, M, ROSE, DR, WARREN, RAJ, Withers, SG|
|Journal||NATURE STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY|
The catalytic mechanism of `retaining' beta-glycosidases has been the subject of considerable interest and debate for many years. The visualization of a covalent glycosyl enzyme intermediate by X-ray crystallography was first accomplished with a saccharide substrate substituted with fluorine at its 2-position. The structure implicated major roles for residue His 205 and for the a-hydroxyl position of the proximal saccharide in binding and catalysis. Here we have studied the kinetic behavior of various His 205 mutants. One of these mutants, a double mutant H205N/E127A, has been used to stabilize a covalent glycosyl-enzyme intermediate involving an unsubstituted sugar, permitting crystallographic analysis of the interactions between its 2-hydroxyl group and the enzyme.