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THE EQUILIBRIUM PAIR DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION OF A GAS - ASPECTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRESENCE OF BOUND-STATES

TitleTHE EQUILIBRIUM PAIR DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION OF A GAS - ASPECTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRESENCE OF BOUND-STATES
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsRainwater, JC, Snider, RF
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume99
Pagination9111-9121
Date PublishedDec
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0021-9606
Keywords2ND, DIMER, formation, INITIAL DENSITY DEPENDENCE, KINETIC-THEORY, PHASE-SPACE SUBDIVISION, POTENTIALS, TEMPERATURE, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES, VIRIAL-COEFFICIENT, VISCOSITY
Abstract

At thermal equilibrium the momentum distribution of atoms in a gas is usually assumed to be Maxwellian, whether classically or quantally. However, if an atom is bound in a diatomic molecule, the atom’s momentum distribution is non-Maxwellian. This paper explores the consequent singlet and pair particle distribution functions in a gas having both unbound atoms and bound pairs of atoms. Comment is made on the range of behavior associated with whether the chemical equilibrium constant for diatom formation is small or large. Calculations of distribution functions and their moments for atoms which are members of dimers are presented for some specific model potentials.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1993MJ90200074