|Title||Xyloglucan and xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases (XET): Tools for ex vivo cellulose surface modification|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Zhou, Q, Baumann, MJ, Piispanen, PS, Teeri, TT, Brumer, H|
|Journal||BIOCATALYSIS AND BIOTRANSFORMATION|
|Type of Article||Article; Proceedings Paper|
Wood fibres constitute a renewable raw material for the production of novel biomaterials. The development of efficient methods for cellulose surface modification is essential for expanding the properties of wood fibres for increased reactivity and compatibility with other materials. By combining the high affinity between xyloglucan and cellulose, the unique mechanistic property of xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases (XET, EC 188.8.131.52) to catalyze polysaccharide-oligosaccharide coupling reactions, and traditional carbohydrate synthesis, a new system for the attachment of a wide variety of functional groups to wood pulps has been generated. An overview of recent developments is presented in the context of the structure, physical properties, and historical applications of xyloglucan.