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WATER PENETRATION IN NYLON-6,6 - ABSORPTION, DESORPTION, AND EXCHANGE STUDIED BY NMR MICROSCOPY

TitleWATER PENETRATION IN NYLON-6,6 - ABSORPTION, DESORPTION, AND EXCHANGE STUDIED BY NMR MICROSCOPY
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsFyfe, CA, Randall, LH, Burlinson, NE
JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part a-Polymer Chemistry
Volume31
Pagination159-168
Date PublishedJan
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0887-624X
Keywords6, mobility, NMR MICROSCOPY, NUCLEAR MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, NYLON-6, WATER ABSORPTION
Abstract

The uptake of water by nylon 6,6 [42DB Adipure (trade name of Dupont Canada Inc.)] at 100-degrees-C has been monitored by a combination of one-dimensional proton NMR spectroscopy, relaxation time (T1 and T2) measurements and proton microscopic NMR imaging techniques. The relaxation times of the water absorbed into the nylon matrix are very short at room temperature, (T2 < 1 ms and T1 almost-equal-to 1 s) indicating that the water is located in a highly restricted environment and suggesting that strong interactions exist between the absorbed water and the polymer. The diffusion profiles measured at room temperature indicate that the diffusion of water into nylon 6,6 at 100-degrees-C is Case I Fickian diffusion. The spatial dependence of the T2 relaxation time constant and its variation with the water content was also examined. The results reveal that both T2 and T2* decrease toward the center of the sample in samples that have a concentration gradient of sorbed water. In fully saturated samples, no spatial dependence was observed. The overall values of T2 and T2* are also observed to increase as a function of exposure time. An evaluation of the desorption process at room temperature and at 100-degrees-C was performed. A continuous, exponentially decreasing solvent profile was observed for the desorption process which again indicates Case I Fickian kinetics. The exchange process of external bulk and atmospheric water with deuterium oxide (D2O) saturated nylon rods has also been studied using the microscopic imaging technique.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1993KB96900019