|Title||Trastuzumab-conjugated oxine-based ligand for [89Zr]Zr4+ immunoPET|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Southcott, L, Wharton, L, Rousseau, J, Merkens, H, Yang, H, Bénard, F, Orvig, C|
|Journal||J. Inorg. Biochem.|
|Pagination||111936. Invited for Special Issue: Celebrating 50 Years of the Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry|
|Keywords||89Zr, BIODISTRIBUTION, immunopet, Neunox, Oxine-ligand conjugate, Trastuzamab|
A new, bifunctional chelating ligand for immuno-Positron Emission Tomography (PET) was designed, synthesized, and conjugated to Trastuzumab for a proof-of-concept study with 89Zr. H4neunox was synthesized from the tris(2-aminoethyl)amine backbone, decorated with 8-hydroxyquinoline moieties, and utilizes a primary amine for functionalization. A maleimide moiety extends the chelator to create H4neunox-mal for antibody conjugation via maleimide-thiol click chemistry. Preliminary 89Zr radiolabeling of H4neunox indicated quantitative radiolabeling at 1 × 10−5 M, but improved inertness towards human serum (96% intact at 7 d) and Fe3+ (92% intact at 24 h) compared to the previously synthesized H5decaox. The chelator was successfully conjugated to the monoclonal antibody, Trastuzumab, and used in preliminary radiolabeling reactions (37 °C, 2 h) with 89Zr. Radiochemical assessments of the new H4neunox-Trastuzumab conjugate include 89Zr radiolabeling, spin filter purification, cell-binding immunoreactivity, and in vivo PET imaging and biodistribution in SKOV-3 tumour bearing nude mice, performed in comparison with the desferrioxamine B analog, DFO-Trastuzumab. The [89Zr]Zr(neunox-Trastuzumab) showed lowered inertness towards serum (76% intact at 24 h) as well as demetallation in vivo through bone uptake (21% ID/g) in PET imaging and biodistribution studies when compared to [89Zr]Zr(DFO-Trastuzumab). Although the combination of the chelator and antibody had detrimental effects on their intended purposes, nonetheless, the primary amine platform of H4neunox developed here provides an oxine-based bifunctional ligand for further derivatizations with other targeting vectors.