|Title||Transferase and hydrolytic activities of the laminarinase from rhodothermus marinus and its M133A, M133C, and M133W mutants|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Neustroev, KN, Golubev, AM, Sinnott, ML, Borriss, R, Krah, M, Brumer, H, Eneyskaya, EV, Shishlyannikov, S, Shabalin, KA, Peshechonov, VT, Korolev, VG, Kulminskaya, AA|
|Type of Article||Article|
Comparative studies of the transglycosylation and hydrolytic activities have been performed on the Rhodothermus marinus beta-1,3-glucanase (laminarinase) and its M133A, M133C, and M133W mutants. The M133C mutant demonstrated near 20% greater rate of transglycosylation activity in comparison with the M133A and M133W mutants that was measured by NMR quantitation of nascent beta(1-4) and beta(1-6) linkages. To obtain kinetic probes for the wild-type enzyme and Met-133 mutants, p-nitrophenyl beta-laminarin oligosaccharides of degree of polymerisation 2-8 were synthesized enzymatically. Catalytic efficiency values, k (cat)/K (m), of the laminarinase catalysed hydrolysis of these oligosaccharides suggested possibility of four negative and at least three positive binding subsites in the active site. Comparison of action patterns of the wild-type and M133C mutant in the hydrolysis of the p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-oligosac- charides indicated that the increased transglycosylation activity of the M133C mutant did not result from altered subsite affinities. The stereospecificity of the transglycosylation reaction also was unchanged in all mutants; the major transglycosylation products in hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl laminaribioside were beta-glucopyranosyl-beta-1,3-D-glucopy- ranosyl-beta-1,3-D-glucopyranose and beta-glucopyranosyl-beta-1, 3-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-1,3-D-glucpyranosyl-beta-1,3-D- glucopyranoxside.