|Title||Sugar nucleotide-modifying enzymes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Journal||Current Organic Chemistry|
|Type of Article||Review|
|Keywords||4, 6-DEHYDRATASE, 6-DIDEOXYHEXOSES, ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE 2-EPIMERASE/N-ACETYLMANNOSAMINE, ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID, biosynthesis, CYTIDINE DIPHOSPHATE 3, D-GLUCOSE, ESCHERICHIA-COLI K-12, FIRST 2, GDP-FUCOSE SYNTHETASE, KINASE, N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE, SITE-DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS, STEPS, UDP-GALACTOSE 4-EPIMERASE|
Sugar nucleotides serve as the activated forms of carbohydrates that are used in a wide range of biosynthetic pathways. Instead of building up the sugar nucleotide from the free sugar itself, nature often chooses to modify the "donor" portion of a pre-existing sugar nucleotide in a biosynthetically efficient manner. In doing so a rich variety of catalytic strategies are employed and this review focuses on recent mechanistic and structural studies of the sugar nucleotide-modifying enzymes. The review is organized around the types of reactions catalyzed and contains the following sections: Epimerases/Mutases/Decarboxylases, Eliminations and Substitutions, Oxidation and Reduction, and Substitutions on the Periphery of Sugar Nucleotides.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000167487300004|