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Structure, bonding, and reactivity of Ti and Zr amidate complexes: DFT and X-ray crystallographic studies

TitleStructure, bonding, and reactivity of Ti and Zr amidate complexes: DFT and X-ray crystallographic studies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsThomson, RK, Zahariev, FE, Zhang, Z, Patrick, BO, Wang, YA, Schafer, LL
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume44
Pagination8680-8689
Date PublishedNov
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0020-1669
KeywordsALKYNYL GROUPS, C-H BONDS, ENHANCED REACTIVITY, HYDROAMINATION, IMIDO COMPLEXES, INTERMOLECULAR, OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION, PROPYLENE POLYMERIZATION, SI-H, TITANIUM CATALYSTS, ZIRCONIUM(IV) COMPLEXES
Abstract

Easily prepared and highly modular organic amide proligands have been used to synthesize a series of new bis(amidate)-bis(amido) Ti and Zr complexes via protonolysis. These complexes have been structurally characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The solid-state molecular structures of these complexes indicate that the amidate ligands bind to the metal centers in an exclusively bidentate fashion, resulting in discrete monomeric species. Geometric isomerism in these species is highly dependent upon the steric characteristics of the proligands utilized in the synthesis. In solution, these complexes are observed to isomerize on the NMR time scale, with one isomer being predominant. Bonding in the bis(amidate)-bis(amido) complexes was investigated by DFT calculations. The geometric isomers predicted by theory matched the experimentally observed results, within experimental error. The orbitals associated with amidate-metal bonding are energetically well below the frontier orbitals. The HOMO in these complexes is a pi orbital associated with amido ligand-to-metal bonding character, while the LUMO in all cases is a vacant d orbital on the metal center.

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