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Structure and binding specificity of the second N-terminal cellulose-binding domain from Cellulomonas fimi endoglucanase C

TitleStructure and binding specificity of the second N-terminal cellulose-binding domain from Cellulomonas fimi endoglucanase C
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsBrun, E, Johnson, PE, Creagh, AL, Tomme, P, Webster, P, Haynes, CA, McIntosh, LP
JournalBiochemistry
Volume39
Pagination2445-2458
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0006-2960
Keywords3-DIMENSIONAL SOLUTION STRUCTURE, C-13-ENRICHED PROTEINS, C-13-LABELED PROTEINS, CHEMICAL-SHIFT, DISTANCE GEOMETRY, IMPROVED SENSITIVITY, INDEX, ISOTOPICALLY-ENRICHED PROTEINS, LARGER PROTEINS, NUCLEAR-MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, SIDE-CHAIN RESONANCES
Abstract

The 1,4-beta-glucanase CenC from Cellulomonas fimi contains two cellulose-binding domains, CBDN1 and CBDN2, arranged in tandem at its N-terminus. These homologous CBDs are distinct in their selectivity for binding amorphous and not crystalline cellulose. Multidimensional heteronuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to determine the tertiary structure of CBDN2 in the presence of saturating amounts of cellopentaose. A total of 1996 experimental restraints were used to calculate an ensemble of 21 final structures for the protein. CBDN2 is composed of 11 beta-strands, folded into two antiparallel beta-sheets, with a topology of a jellyroll beta-sandwich. On the basis of patterns of chemical shift perturbations accompanying the addition of cellooligosaccharides, as well as the observation of intermolecular protein-sugar NOE interactions, the cellulose-binding site of CBDN2 was identified as a cleft that lies across one face of the beta-sandwich. The thermodynamic basis for the binding of cellooligosaccharides was investigated using isothermal titration calorimetry and NMR spectroscopy. Binding is enthalpically driven and consistent with a structural model involving hydrogen bonding between the equatorial hydroxyls of the glucopyranosyl rings and polar amino acid side chains lining the CBDN2 cleft. Affinity electrophoresis was used to determine that CBDN2 also binds soluble beta-1,4-linked polymers of glucose, including hydroxyethylcellulose and beta-1,3-1,4-glucans. This study complements a previous analysis of CBDN1 [Johnson, P. E., Joshi, M. D., Tomme, P., Kilburn, D. G., and McIntosh, L. P. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 14381-14394] and demonstrates that the homologous CBDs from CenC share very similar structures and sugar binding properties.

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