Research & Teaching Faculty

Default Header Image

The structural and dynamic basis of Ets-1 DNA binding autoinhibition

TitleThe structural and dynamic basis of Ets-1 DNA binding autoinhibition
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsLee, GM, Donaldson, LW, Pufall, MA, Kang, HS, Pot, I, Graves, BJ, McIntosh, LP
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Pagination7088-7099
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0021-9258
KeywordsBACKBONE DYNAMICS, CHEMICAL-EXCHANGE, DIPOLAR COUPLINGS, Ets-1, GROUP HYDROGEN-EXCHANGE, HIGH-RESOLUTION, MURINE, N-15 NMR RELAXATION, POINTED DOMAIN, SECONDARY STRUCTURE, SIDE-CHAINS
Abstract

The transcription factor Ets-1 is regulated by the allosteric coupling of DNA binding with the unfolding of an alpha-helix (HI-1) within an autoinhibitory module. To understand the structural and dynamic basis for this autoinhibition, we have used NAIR spectroscopy to characterize Ets-1DeltaN301, a partially inhibited fragment of Ets-1. The NMR-derived Ets-1DeltaN301 structure reveals that the autoinhibitory module is formed predominantly by the hydrophobic packing of helices from the N-terminal (HI-1, HI-2) and C-terminal (114, 115) inhibitory sequences, along with H1 of the intervening DNA binding ETS domain. The intramolecular interactions made by HI-1 in Ets-1DeltaN301 are similar to the intermolecular contacts observed in the crystal structure of an Ets-1DeltaN300 dimer, confirming that the latter represents a domain-swapped species. N-15 relaxation studies demonstrate that the backbone of the N-terminal inhibitory sequence is mobile on the nanosecond-picosecond and millisecond-microsecond time scales. Furthermore, hydrogen exchange measurements reveal that amide protons in helices HI-I and HI-2 exchange with water at rates only similar to15- and similar to75-fold slower, respectively, than predicted for an unfolded polypeptide. These findings indicate that inhibitory helices are only marginally stable even in the absence of DNA. The energetic coupling of DNA binding with the facile unfolding of the labile HI-1 provides a mechanism for modulating Ets-1 DNA binding activity via protein partnerships, post-translational modifications, or mutations. Ets-1 autoinhibition illustrates how conformational equilibria within structural domains can regulate macromolecular interactions.

URL<Go to ISI>://000227332700099