|Title||Small molecule ligands for enhanced intracellular delivery of lipid nanoparticle formulations of siRNA|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Tam, YYi C, Chen, S, Zaifman, J, Tam, YK, Lin, PJC, Ansell, S, Roberge, M, Ciufolini, MA, Cullis, PR|
|Journal||NANOMEDICINE-NANOTECHNOLOGY BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE|
Gene silencing activity of lipid nanoparticle (LNP) formulations of siRNA requires LNP surface factors promoting cellular uptake. This study aimed to identify small molecules that enhance cellular uptake of LNP siRNA systems, then use them as LNP-associated ligands to improve gene silencing potency. Screening the Canadian Chemical Biology Network molecules for effects on LNP uptake into HeLa cells found that cardiac glycosides like ouabain and strophanthidin caused the highest uptake. Cardiac glycosides stimulate endocytosis on binding to plasma membrane Na+/K+ ATPase found in all mammalian cells, offering the potential to stimulate LNP uptake into various cell types. A PEG-lipid containing strophanthidin at the end of PEG (STR-PEG-lipid) was synthesized and incorporated into LNP. Compared to non-liganded systems, STR-PEG-lipid enhanced LNP uptake in various cell types. Furthermore, this enhanced uptake improved marker gene silencing in vitro. Addition of STR-PEG-lipid to LNP siRNA may have general utility for enhancing gene silencing potency. From the Clinical Editor: In this study, the authors identified small molecules that enhance cellular uptake of lipid nanoparticle siRNA systems, then used them as LNP-associated ligands to improve gene silencing potency. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.