|Title||Relaxation and transport of molecular systems in the gas phase|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Journal||International Reviews in Physical Chemistry|
|Type of Article||Review|
|Keywords||BINARY COLLISION APPROXIMATION, BOLTZMANN-EQUATION, CARTESIAN TENSORS, COEFFICIENTS, CROSS-SECTIONS, ENERGY, IRREDUCIBLE, MODERATELY DENSE GAS, MUON SPIN RELAXATION, QUANTUM KINETIC-THEORY|
Some of the properties of gas phase relaxation and transport are reviewed with an emphasis on those properties that are due entirely to the presence of internal states in real molecular systems. The theoretical formulations of such non-equilibrium effects is based on the quantum Boltzmann equation. The conditions for the validity and the properties of this equation are reviewed. This includes a general discussion of how the combination of free molecule motion and collisions is required for the approach to global equilibrium. It is shown how the free motion is equivalent to a phase randomization of the elements of the density operator that are off-diagonal in energy. Spin relaxation and the magnetic field dependence (Senftleben-Beenakker effects) of the viscosity for a gas of diatomics are used to illustrate these aspects of the approach to equilibrium.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000073824600003|