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Recent advances in the practical and accurate calculation of core and valence XPS spectra of polymers: from interpretation to simulation?

TitleRecent advances in the practical and accurate calculation of core and valence XPS spectra of polymers: from interpretation to simulation?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsBureau, C, Chong, DP, Endo, K, Delhalle, J, Lecayon, G, LeMoel, A
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume131
Pagination1-12
Date PublishedAug
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0168-583X
KeywordsDENSITY-FUNCTIONAL CALCULATION, ELECTRON BINDING-ENERGIES, ESCA, GREEN-FUNCTION, IONIZATION-POTENTIALS, MO METHOD, MODEL MOLECULES, POLYACRYLONITRILE, POLYETHYLENE LAMELLAE, RAY PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY
Abstract

Core and valence X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopies (XPS) are routinely used to obtain information on the chemical composition, bonding and homogeneity of polymer surfaces. In spite of their apparent conceptual simplicity, Core and Valence Electron Binding Energies (CEBEs and VEBEs) a few electron-volts (eV) or fractions of an eV apart are difficult to interpret. We present some results obtained with various recent theoretical. approaches. An emphasis is made on a procedure based on the Density Functional Theory (DFT) that enables the calculation of CEBEs and VEBEs which are in remarkable agreement with experiment. The method has been tested on numerous small (3-6 atoms) to fairly large (15-25 atoms) molecules, and shows an average absolute deviation with experiment of only 0.20 eV for CEBEs and 0.30 eV for VEBEs, i.e. compatible with the resolution of the best XPS experiments carried out at the moment. Besides the quality of its predictions, the procedure takes advantage of the speed and CPU time scaling of DFT as a function of system size: it is computationally tractable, even for surprisingly large systems such as polymers, and may be an interesting accurate alternative to interpret and simulate XPS-probing on real systems, We illustrate the usefullness and pitfalls of this approach in fundamental as well as applied fields such as in the study of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN), Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Polyvinyldifluoride (PVdF) and gamma-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (gamma-APS, an adhesion promoter). (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1997YC27900005