|Title||Reactions of Tertiary Phosphines with Alcohols in Aqueous Media|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Moiseev, DV, Patrick, BO, James, BR|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||ALDEHYDES, BENZYL, FACILE SYNTHESIS, LIGNIN, PHOSPHONIUM SALTS, QUINONE METHIDE|
The phosphines R2R’P [R = R’ = Me, Et, Pr-n, Pr-i, (CH2)(3)OH; Me2PhP and MePh2P] react with 2- or 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohols, including "lignin-type" vanillyl, syringyl, and alpha-methylvanillyl alcohols, in a 1:1 ratio in aqueous media, to give zwitterionic phosphobetaine products; these on treatment with aq HCl form the corresponding phosphonium chlorides in good to excellent yields. The syringyl derivative [3,5-(OMe)(2)-4-OH-C6H2CH2PEt3]Cl was structurally characterized by X-ray analysis. Kinetically, the reactivity of the benzyl alcohols, studied with the water-soluble [HO(CH2)(3)](3)P, decreases with substituents in the order 2-hydroxy > 4-hydroxy > vanillyl > syringyl > alpha-methylvanillyl, while 3-hydroxybenzyl alcohol is unreactive; the trend is consistent with reactivity requiring the presence of an ortho- or para-OH substituent in the aromatic ring of the alcohol, and that the reactions proceed via a carbocation species stabilized as a quinone methide. Triethylphosphine reacts with coniferyl alcohol at the C=C moiety to give a zwitterionic intermediate that is again converted by aq HCl to a phosphonium chloride; no reaction was observed with cinnamyl alcohol. The effect on a phenolic pK(a) by incorporation of a phosphonium substituent is also measured.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000262011700032|