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Pharmacological enhancement of beta-hexosaminidase activity in fibroblasts from adult Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff patients

TitlePharmacological enhancement of beta-hexosaminidase activity in fibroblasts from adult Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff patients
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsTropak, MB, Reid, SP, Guiral, M, Withers, SG, Mahuran, D
JournalJOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volume279
Pagination13478-13487
Date PublishedAPR 2
ISSN0021-9258
Abstract

Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff diseases are lysosomal storage disorders that result from an inherited deficiency of beta-hexosaminidase A (alphabeta). Whereas the acute forms are associated with a total absence of hexosaminidase A and early death, the chronic adult forms exist with activity and protein levels of similar to5%, and unaffected individuals have been found with only 10% of normal levels. Surprisingly, almost all disease-associated missense mutations do not affect the active site of the enzyme but, rather, inhibit its ability to obtain and/or retain its native fold in the endoplasmic reticulum, resulting in its retention and accelerated degradation. By growing adult TaySachs fibroblasts in culture medium containing known inhibitors of hexosaminidase we have raised the residual protein and activity levels of intralysosomal hexosaminidase A well above the critical 10% of normal levels. A similar effect was observed in fibroblasts from an adult Sandhoff patient. We propose that these hexosaminidase inhibitors function as pharmacological chaperones, enhancing the stability of the native conformation of the enzyme, increasing the amount of hexosaminidase A capable of exiting the endoplasmic reticulum for transport to the lysosome. Therefore, pharmacological chaperones could provide a novel approach to the treatment of adult Tay-Sachs and possibly Sandhoff diseases.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M308523200