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Directed evolution of new glycosynthases from Agrobacterium beta-glucosidase: a general screen to detect enzymes for oligosaccharide synthesis

TitleDirected evolution of new glycosynthases from Agrobacterium beta-glucosidase: a general screen to detect enzymes for oligosaccharide synthesis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsMayer, C, Jakeman, DL, Mah, M, Karjala, G, Gal, L, WARREN, RAJ, Withers, SG
JournalCHEMISTRY & BIOLOGY
Volume8
Pagination437-443
Date PublishedMAY
ISSN1074-5521
Abstract

Background: Oligosaccharide synthesis is becoming increasingly important to industry as diverse therapeutic roles for these molecules are discovered. The chemical synthesis of oligosaccharides on an industrial scale is often prohibitively complex and costly. An alternative, that of enzymatic synthesis, is limited by the difficulty of obtaining an appropriate enzyme. A general screen for enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of the glycosidic bond would enable the identification and engineering of new or improved enzymes. Results: Glycosynthases are nucleophile mutants of retaining glycosidases that efficiently catalyze the synthesis of the glycosidic linkage by condensing an activated glycosyl fluoride donor with a suitable acceptor sugar. A novel agar plate-based coupled-enzyme screen was developed (using a two-plasmid system) and used to select an improved glycosynthase from a library of mutants. Conclusions: plate-based coupled-enzyme screens of this type are extremely valuable fur identification of functional synthetic enzymes and can be applied to the evolution of a range of glycosyl transferases. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier science Ltd.

DOI10.1016/S1074-5521(01)00022-9