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The identification of the catalytic nucleophiles of two beta-galactosidases from glycoside hydrolase family 35

TitleThe identification of the catalytic nucleophiles of two beta-galactosidases from glycoside hydrolase family 35
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsBlanchard, JE, Gal, L, He, SM, Foisy, J, WARREN, RAJ, Withers, SG
JournalCARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH
Volume333
Pagination7-17
Date PublishedJUN 22
ISSN0008-6215
Abstract

The beta -galactosidases from Xanthomonas manihotis (beta -Gal Xmn) and Bacillus circulans (beta -Gal-3 Bcir) are retaining glycosidases that hydrolyze glycosidic bonds through a double displacement mechanism involving a covalent glycosyl-enzyme intermediate. The mechanism-based inactivator 2,4-dinitrophenyl 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta -D-galactopyranoside was shown to inactivate beta -Gal Xmn and beta -Gal-3 Bcir through the accumulation of 2-deoxy-2-fluorogalactosyl enzyme intermediates with half lives of 40 and 625 h, respectively. Peptic digestion of these labeled enzymes and analysis by LC-MS identified Glu(260) and Glu(233) as the catalytic nucleophiles involved in the formation of the glycosyl-enzyme intermediate during catalysis by beta -Gal Xmn and beta -Gal-3 Bcir, respectively. These findings confirm the previous prediction of the position of these residues based on primary sequence similarities to other members of the glycoside hydrolase family 35. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/S0008-6215(01)00108-2