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Two isosteric fluorinated derivatives of the powerful glucosidase inhibitors, 1-deoxynojirimycin and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol: Syntheses and glycosidase-inhibitory activities of 1,2,5-trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol and of 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-

TitleTwo isosteric fluorinated derivatives of the powerful glucosidase inhibitors, 1-deoxynojirimycin and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol: Syntheses and glycosidase-inhibitory activities of 1,2,5-trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol and of 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsAndersen, SM, Ebner, M, Ekhart, CW, Gradnig, G, Legler, G, Lundt, I, Stutz, AE, Withers, SG, Wrodnigg, T
JournalCARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH
Volume301
Pagination155-166
Date PublishedJUN 20
ISSN0008-6215
Abstract

1,2,5-Trideoxy-2-fluoro-1,5-imino-D-glucitol, the 2-deoxyfluoro derivative of 1-deoxynojirimycin, as well as 1,2,5-trideoxy-1-fluoro-2,5-imino-D-mannit and 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-1-O-methyl-D-mannitol, two new analogues of the natural product and powerful glucosidase inhibitor 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-D-mannitol, were synthesised featuring glucose isomerase-catalysed aldose-ketose interconversion reactions as the key steps of the syntheses. Results of inhibition studies conducted with these compounds and previously obtained deoxyfluoro derivatives of 1-deoxynojirimycin, employing glucosidases from various sources, showed that the replacement of a hydroxyl function by fluorine caused an impairment of the inhibitory potency. This effect was smallest for the hydroxyl group at C-6 and up to four orders of magnitude larger for replacements at C-2 and C-3. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

DOI10.1016/S0008-6215(97)00099-2