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KINETIC MECHANISM AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN BETA-GALACTOSIDASE PRECURSOR SECRETED BY PERMANENTLY TRANSFECTED CHINESE-HAMSTER OVARY CELLS

TitleKINETIC MECHANISM AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN BETA-GALACTOSIDASE PRECURSOR SECRETED BY PERMANENTLY TRANSFECTED CHINESE-HAMSTER OVARY CELLS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsZhang, SQ, MCCARTER, JD, OKAMURAOHO, Y, YAGHI, F, HINEK, A, Withers, SG, Callahan, JW
JournalBIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL
Volume304
Pagination281-288
Date PublishedNOV 15
ISSN0264-6021
Abstract

Chinese hamster ovary cell clones permanently transfected with the cDNA for human lysosomal beta-galactosidase secrete the enzyme precursor into the cell medium, from which it is purified to apparent homogeneity in a single step by affinity chromatography. The purified precursor is fully active, displays the same pH optimum and K-m values as the mature placental enzyme, and has an intact C-terminus. The intact enzyme when chromatographed on a Sephacryl S-200 molecular-sieve column elutes as a 105 500 Da monomer, whereas on SDS/PAGE gels the polypeptide migrates as an 88 kDa polypeptide. A time course of digestion with glycopeptide-N-glycanase shows the gradual conversion of the precursor from an 88 to a 72 kDa protein, suggesting the presence of five N-linked oligosaccharides in the protein. The precursor is readily taken up in a mannose-6-phosphate-dependent manner into beta-galactosidase-deficient, GM1-gangliosidosis fibroblasts, and the enzyme activity is returned to normal levels. We show that the stereochemical course of enzymic hydrolysis involves the retention of the beta-configuration at the anomeric centre, suggesting a double-displacement mechanism. Furthermore, the enzyme is rapidly and irreversibly inactivated in the presence of the mechanism-based inactivator 2,4-dinitrophenyl-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-galactopyranoside, which implicates a covalent intermediate. The enzyme is also inactivated by 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodi-imide and by phenylglyoxal, which implicates carboxylate and arginine residues respectively in the active site. We conclude that the beta-galactosidase precursor is functionally identical to the mature lysosomal form of the enzyme and serves as an excellent enzyme source for investigation of structure-function relationships in the protein.