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Identification of Tyr241 as a Key Catalytic Base in the Family 4 Glycoside Hydrolase BgIT from Thermotoga maritima

TitleIdentification of Tyr241 as a Key Catalytic Base in the Family 4 Glycoside Hydrolase BgIT from Thermotoga maritima
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsYip, VLY, Withers, SG
JournalBIOCHEMISTRY
Volume51
Pagination8464-8474
Date PublishedOCT 23
ISSN0006-2960
Abstract

While the vast majority of glycosidases catalyze glycoside hydrolysis via oxocarbenium ion like transition states and typically employ carboxylic acid residues as acid/base or nucleophile catalysts, two subfamilies of these enzymes (GH4 and GH109 in the CAZY Classification) conduct hydrolysis via a redox-assisted mechanism involving anionic transition states. While good evidence of this mechanism has been obtained, the identities of the catalytic residues involved have not yet been confirmed. Mechanistic analyses of mutants of the 6-phospho-beta-glucosidase from Thermotoga maritima (BglT), in which the active site tyrosine residue (Tyr 241) has been replaced with Phe and Ala, provide support for its role as a catalytic base. The pH dependence of k(cat), and k(cat)/K-m, particularly of the acidic limb corresponding to the base, is shifted relative to that of the wild type enzyme. Kinetic isotope effects for hydrolysis of substrates deuterated at C1, C2, and C3 by the Tyr 241 mutants are strongly pH-dependent, with essentially full primary kinetic isotope effects being observed for the 2-deutero substrate at low pH with the Tyr241Ala mutant. This is consistent with a slowing of the deprotonation step upon removal of the base.

DOI10.1021/bi301021u