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GLU-537, NOT GLU-461, IS THE NUCLEOPHILE IN THE ACTIVE-SITE OF (LAC-Z) BETA-GALACTOSIDASE FROM ESCHERICHIA-COLI

TitleGLU-537, NOT GLU-461, IS THE NUCLEOPHILE IN THE ACTIVE-SITE OF (LAC-Z) BETA-GALACTOSIDASE FROM ESCHERICHIA-COLI
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsGEBLER, JC, AEBERSOLD, R, Withers, SG
JournalJOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volume267
Pagination11126-11130
Date PublishedJUN 5
ISSN0021-9258
Abstract

The covalent intermediate formed during catalysis by the lac Z beta-galactosidase from Escherichia coli can be trapped by reaction of the enzyme with 2',4'-dinitrophenyl 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-galactopyranoside, thereby inactivating the enzyme. Kinetic parameters for this inactivation process with the holo- and apoenzymes have been determined. The intermediate so formed turns over only very slowly (t1/2 = 11.5 h) resulting in reactivation of the enzyme. The nucleophilic amino acid involved has been identified as Glu-537 by using a tritium-labeled inactivator to label the enzyme, then cleaving the labeled protein into peptides and purifying and sequencing the labeled peptide. This residue is conserved in five homologous beta-galactosidases and is different from that (Glu-461) proposed to be the nucleophile (Herrchen, M., and Legler, G. (1984) Eur. J. Biochem. 138, 527-531) on the basis of affinity labeling studies with conduritol C cis-epoxide. A role for glutamic acid residue 461 as the acid/base catalyst is proposed and justified.