|Title||ON THE EXISTENCE OF EXACT CONDITIONS IN THE THEORY OF ELECTRICAL DOUBLE-LAYERS|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1992|
|Authors||Attard, P, Wei, DQ, Patey, GN|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|Type of Article||Article|
It has long been thought that the total potential drop V across an isolated electrical double layer must be a monotonically increasing function of the surface charge density-sigma (i.e., partial derivative V / partial derivative sigma greater-than-or-equal-to 0). This result has been "established" by thermodynamic arguments of Landau and Lifshitz [Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Pergamon, Oxford, 1960)] and by a more recent statistical mechanical method of Blum et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 72, 1902 (1981)]. Here we describe statistical mechanical analyses for both constant and fluctuating charge models. It is shown that the derivation of Blum et al. is in error and that correct statistical mechanical treatments do not determine the sign of partial derivative V / partial derivative sigma. However, some rigorous bounds for related quantities are found. We also point out a mathematical problem in the method of Landau and Lifshitz which appears to invalidate their argument. We conclude that at present there is no rigorous proof that partial derivative V / partial derivative sigma must be positive and that the existence of negative values cannot be ruled out.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://A1992HG95300049|