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Even the normal is abnormal: N-heterocyclic carbene C-2 binding to a phosphaalkene without breaking the P=C pi-bond

TitleEven the normal is abnormal: N-heterocyclic carbene C-2 binding to a phosphaalkene without breaking the P=C pi-bond
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMajhi, PKumar, Chow, KCF, Hsieh, THH, Bowes, EG, Schnakenburg, G, Kennepohl, P, Streubel, R, Gates, DP
JournalChem.Commun.
Volume52
Pagination998-1001
ISSN1359-7345
Abstract

The reaction of MesP=CPh2 with the least sterically demanding N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC = IMe) results in formation of the `abnormal' (C-4-substituted) 4-phosphino-NHC (1). In contrast, reaction with Me2IMe gives the unprecedented `normal' C-2 adduct, Me2IMe -> P(Mes)=CPh2 (2). Particularly striking is the asymmetric and weak bonding of the NHC to the P=C moiety in 2. DFT calculations indicate that the P=C natural bond order in 2 (1.54) still reflects significant pi-character to the bond (cf. MesP=CPh2: NBO = 1.98). Further computational analysis suggests that pi-delocalization into the remote C-phenyl substituents is key to stabilizing the NHC adduct.

DOI10.1039/c5cc08181e