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Enzymatic transglycosylation of xylose using a glycosynthase

TitleEnzymatic transglycosylation of xylose using a glycosynthase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsKim, YW, Chen, HM, Withers, SG
Date PublishedDEC 30

The application of the hyperactive glycosynthase derived from Agrobacterium sp. beta-glucosidase (AbgE358G-2F6) to the synthesis of xylo-oligosaccharides by using alpha-D-xylopyranosyl fluoride as donor represents the first successful use of glycosynthase technology for xylosyl transfer. Transfer to beta-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside yields di- and trisaccharide products with beta-(1 -> 4) linkages in 63% and 35% yields, respectively. By contrast, transfer to p-nitrophenyl P-D-xylopyranoside yielded the beta-(1 -> 3) linked disaccharide and beta-D-Xyl-(1 -> 4)-beta-D-Xyl-(1 -> 3)-beta-D-Xyl-pNP as major products in 42% and 30% yields, respectively. Transfer of xylose to beta-D-Xyl-(1 -> 4)-beta-D-Xyl-pNP yielded the beta-(1 -> 4) linked trisaccharide in 98% yield, thereby indicating that transfers to xylo-disaccharides occur with formation of beta-(1 -> 4) bonds. Xylosylation of carbamate-protected deoxyxylonojirimycin produced a mixture of di- and tri-'saccharide' products in modest yields. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.