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Effects of both shortening and lengthening the active site nucleophile of Bacillus circulans xylanase on catalytic activity

TitleEffects of both shortening and lengthening the active site nucleophile of Bacillus circulans xylanase on catalytic activity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsLawson, SL, WAKARCHUK, WW, Withers, SG
JournalBIOCHEMISTRY
Volume35
Pagination10110-10118
Date PublishedAUG 6
ISSN0006-2960
Abstract

The relative positioning of the two carboxyl groups at the active site of glycosidases is crucial to their function and the mechanism followed. The distance between these two groups in Bacillus circulans xylanase has been modified by mutagenesis of the catalytic nucleophile Glu78. Ail increase in the separation (Glu78Asp) results in a large (1600-5000-fold) reduction in the rate of the glycosylation step, but little change In the extent of bond cleavage or proton donation at the transition state. A decrease in the separation tvas achieved by selective carboxymethylation of the Glu78Cys mutant, This modified mutant was only 16-100-fold less active than wild-type enzyme, and its transition state structure was similarly unchanged, Complete removal of the carboxyl group (Glu78Cys) resulted in a mutant with no measurable catalytic activity, Furthermore, it did not even undergo the first step, glycosylation of the active site thiol, These results confirm the Importance of precise positioning of the nucleophile at the active site of these enzymes.

DOI10.1021/bi960586v