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Desferrioxamine as an appropriate chelator for 90Nb: Comparison of its complexation properties for M-Df-Octreotide (M=Nb, Fe, Ga, Zr)

TitleDesferrioxamine as an appropriate chelator for 90Nb: Comparison of its complexation properties for M-Df-Octreotide (M=Nb, Fe, Ga, Zr)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRadchenko, V, Busse, S, Roesch, F
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Pagination721 - 727
KeywordsChelators, DESFERRIOXAMINE, Df-Octereotide, Positron emitter Nb, STABILITY

The niobium-90 radioisotope (90Nb) holds considerable promise for use in immuno-PET, due to its decay parameters (t½=14.6h, positron yield=53%, Eß+mean=0.35MeV and Eß+max = 1.5MeV). In particular, 90Nb appears well suited to detect in vivo the pharmacokinetics of large targeting vectors (50–150kDa). In order to be useful for immuno-PET chelators are required to both stabilize the radionuclide in terms of coordination chemistry and to facilitate the covalent attachment to the targeting vector. Different chelators were evaluated for this purpose in terms of radiolabelling efficiency and stability of the radiolabelled Nb(V) complex and in order to determine the most suitable candidate for conjugation to a biologically relevant targeting vector. For the purpose of studying the complexation properties the niobium radioisotope 95Nb was used as an analogue of 90Nb, by virtue of its longer half-life (35days) and lower cost (reactor-based production). Acyclic and cyclic chelators were investigated, with desferroxamine [Df: (N'-{5-[acetyl(hydroxy)amino]pentyl}-N-[5-({4-[(5-aminopentyl) (hydroxy)amino]-4-oxobutanoyl} amino)pentyl]-N-hydroxysuccinamide)] emerging as the best candidate. Greater than 99% radiolabelling was achieved at room temperature over a wide pH range. The 95Nb-Df complex is sufficiently stable for immuno-PET (<7% degradation over 7days in vitro). As a proof-of-principle, a Df conjugate featuring a well-established targeting vector, (D)-Phe1-octreotide, was evaluated. The fast labelling kinetics of the unconjugated chelator (Df) were retained for Df-succinyl-(D)Phe1-octreotide (Df-OC), with>90% labelling after 1h at room temperature over the pH range 5–7. Stability studies, performed in vitro in serum at physiological temperature (37°C), revealed that 87±2% of the radiolabelled molecule remained intact after 7days. Competition studies with relevant metal ions (zirconium(IV), gallium(III) and iron(III)) have been performed with Df-OC to gain insight to the relative stability [Nb-Df]-OC complex to transmetallation. At equimolar metal ion concentrations the [Nb-Df]-OC complex showed the greatest overall stability. The favourable radiolabelling characteristics of Df-OC and its stability indicate that Df is a potentially very useful chelator for the development of radiopharmaceuticals for 90Nb-PET.