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Density functional study of double ionization energies

TitleDensity functional study of double ionization energies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsChong, DP
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume128
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number0021-9606
Abstract

In this paper, double ionization energies (DIES) of gas-phase atoms and molecules are calculated by energy difference method with density functional theory. To determine the best functional for double ionization energies, we first study 24 main group atoms in the second, third, and fourth periods. An approximation is used in which the electron density is first obtained from a density functional computation with the exchange-correlation potential V-xc known as statistical average of orbital potentials, after which the energy is computed, from that density with 59 different exchange-correlation energy. functionals E-xc. For the 24 atoms, the two best E,,, functional providing DIES with average absolute deviation (AAD) of only 0.25 eV are the Perdew-Burke-Emzerhof functional modified by Hammer et al. [Phys. Rev. B 59, 6413 (1999)] and one known as the Krieger-Chen-Iafrate-Savin functional modified by Krieger et al. (unpublished). Surprisingly, none of the 20 available hybrid functionals is among the top 15 functionals for the DIES of the 24 atoms. A similar procedure is then applied to molecules, with opposite results: Only hybrid functionals are among the top 15 functionals for a selection of 29 molecules. The best Ex, functional for the 29 molecules is found to be the Becke 1997 functional modified by Wilson et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 115, 9233 (2001)]. With that functional, the AAD from experiment for DIES of 29 molecules is just under 0.5 eV. If the two suspected values for C2H2 and Fe(CO)(5) are excluded, the AAD improves to 0.3(2) eV. Many other hybrid functionals perform almost as well. (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics.

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