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Complete measurement of the pK(a) values of the carboxyl and imidazole groups in Bacillus circulans xylanase

TitleComplete measurement of the pK(a) values of the carboxyl and imidazole groups in Bacillus circulans xylanase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsJoshi, MD, Hedberg, A, McIntosh, LP
JournalProtein Science
Volume6
Pagination2667-2670
Date PublishedDec
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0961-8368
Keywordsaspartic acid, electrostatics, FAMILIES, NMR, NMR ASSIGNMENTS, NUCLEAR-MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, PK(A), PROTEINS, RESIDUES, SHIFTS, titration, XYLANASE
Abstract

Electrostatic interactions in proteins can be dissected experimentally by determining the pK(a), values of their constituent ionizable amino acids. To complement previous studies of the glutamic acid and histidine residues in Bacillus circulans xylanase (BCX), we have used NMR methods to measure the pK(a)s of the seven aspartic acids and the C-terminus of this protein. The pK(a)s of these carboxyls are all less than the corresponding values observed with random coil polypeptides, indicating that their ionization contributes favorably to the stability of the folded enzyme. In general, the aspartic acids with the most reduced pK(a)s are those with limited exposure to the solvent and a high degree of conservation among homologous xylanases. Most dramatically, Asp 53 and Asp 101 have pK(a)s < 2 and thus remain deprotonated in native BCX under all conditions examined. Asp 83 is completely buried, forming a strong salt bridge with Arg 136. In contrast, Asp 101 is located on the surface of the protein, stabilized in the deprotonated form by an extensive network of hydrogen bonds involving an internal water molecule and the neutral side-chain and main-chain atoms of Ser 100 and Thr 145. These data provide a complete experimental database for theoretical studies of the ionization behavior of BCX under acidic conditions.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1997YK91200024