|Title||COMPARISON OF SHORT-RANGE INTERACTIONS IN NEMATIC LIQUID-CRYSTALS - A H-2-NMR STUDY OF 5CB-D(19) AS A SOLUTE|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1994|
|Authors||Chandrakumar, T, Zimmerman, DS, Bates, GS, Burnell, EE|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||BINARY-MIXTURES, EQUILIBRIUM, FLEXIBILITY, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE, MULTIPLE-QUANTUM NMR, NORMAL-BUTANE, orientational order, RAMAN-SPECTRA, SPECTROSCOPY|
Previous studies using dideuterium as a solute have demonstrated the importance for orientation of the interaction between the solute molecular quadrupole moment and the average electric field gradient present in liquid crystals. With the aim of learning about additional orientational mechanisms, we have studied the temperature dependence of the H-2-NMR spectra of the liquid crystal 5CB-d(19) as the solute in three liquid crystal mixtures: 55 wt % 1132/EBBA, 56.5 wt % 1132/EBBA and 70 wt % 5CB/EBBA. In these mixtures, the contribution from the environment to the average electric field gradient at the H-2 nucleus of dideuterium is zero. The spectra of 5CB-d(19) in the mixtures 55 wt % 1132/EBBA and 56.5 wt % 1132/EBBA are equivalent, but are different from those in 70 wt % 5CB/EBBA. The spectra of 5CB in 55 wt % 1132/EBBA and 70 wt % 5CB/EBBA are analysed using two different models for the short range potential, and parameters of the models are used to compare the potentials in the different mixtures. For a given spectral splitting of the chain C-1 deuteron, the reduced short range potential is the same in all three mixtures studied. The spectral differences observed are a consequence of different nematic-isotropic phase transition temperatures combined with the effect of trans/gauche-isomerization in the hydrocarbon chain.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://A1994PH47000001|