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Active-site peptide ``fingerprinting'' of glycosidases in complex mixtures by mass spectrometry - Discovery of a novel retaining beta-1,4-glycanase in Cellulomonas fimi

TitleActive-site peptide ``fingerprinting'' of glycosidases in complex mixtures by mass spectrometry - Discovery of a novel retaining beta-1,4-glycanase in Cellulomonas fimi
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsHekmat, O, Kim, YW, Williams, SJ, He, SM, Withers, SG
JournalJOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volume280
Pagination35126-35135
Date PublishedOCT 21
ISSN0021-9258
Abstract

New proteomics methods are required for targeting and identification of subsets of a proteome in an activity-based fashion. Here, we report the first gel-free, mass spectrometry-based strategy for mechanism-based profiling of retaining beta-endoglycosidases in complex proteomes. Using a biotinylated, cleavable 2-deoxy-2-fluoroxylobioside inactivator, we have isolated and identified the active-site peptides of target retaining beta-1,4-glycanases in systems of increasing complexity: pure enzymes, artificial proteomes, and the secreted proteome of the aerobic mesophilic soil bacterium Cellulomonas fimi. The active-site peptide of a new C. fimi beta-1,4-glycanase was identified in this manner, and the peptide sequence, which includes the catalytic nucleophile, is highly conserved among glycosidase family 10 members. The glycanase gene (GenBank(TM) accession number DQ146941) was cloned using inverse PCR techniques, and the protein was found to comprise a catalytic domain that shares similar to 70% sequence identity with those of xylanases from Streptomyces sp. and a family 2b carbohydrate-binding module. The new glycanase hydrolyzes natural and artificial xylo-configured substrates more efficiently than their cello-configured counterparts. It has a pH dependence very similar to that of known C. fimi retaining glycanases.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M508434200