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Toward the first study of chemical reaction dynamics of Mu with vibrational-state-selected reactants in the gas phase: The Mu + H-2*(v=1) reaction by stimulated Raman pumping

TitleToward the first study of chemical reaction dynamics of Mu with vibrational-state-selected reactants in the gas phase: The Mu + H-2*(v=1) reaction by stimulated Raman pumping
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBakule, P, Sukhorukov, O, Matsuda, Y, Pratt, F, Gumplinger, P, Momose, T, Torikai, E, Fleming, D
JournalPHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER
Volume404
Pagination1013-1016
Date PublishedAPR 15
ISSN0921-4526
Abstract

Stimulated Raman pumping (SRP) is used to produce H-2 in its first vibrational state, in order to measure, for the first time, the Mu + H-2{*}(v = 1) -> MuH + H reaction rate at room temperature, as a prototypical example of new directions in gas-phase muonium chemistry, utilizing the pulsed muon beam and a new dedicated laser system at the RIKEN/RAL Laboratory. Reported here is a preliminary result but the final results are expected to provide definitive new tests of reaction rate theory on the highly accurate H-3 potential energy surface. The major difficulty in this experiment, compared to the standard SRP process, is to ensure a homogeneous excitation over a volume of several cm(3) and of sufficient intensity to ensure a measurable Mu relaxation rate. The techniques used to accomplish this are described. The experiment utilizes the 2nd harmonic output of a Nd:YAG laser (532 nm) with pulse energies up to 500 mJ at a repetition rate of 25 Hz. Different optical setups have been constructed and tested in order to optimize the number of laser-pumped H-2 molecules and their overlap with the stopping profile of the muon beam in the reaction cell (total volume similar to 100 x 40 x 4 mm(3)). The first result of this experiment gives a measured relaxation rate due to laser excitation of lambda{*} = 0.085 +/- 0.051 mu s(-1), consistent with theory but limited by both low statistics and particularly a high background relaxation rate. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.physb.2008.11.230