|Title||Structural basis of actin sequestration by thymosin-beta 4: implications for WH2 proteins|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Irobi, E, Aguda, AH, Larsson, M, Guerin, C, Yin, HL, Burtnick, LD, Blanchoin, L, Robinson, RC|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||actin, ARP2/3 COMPLEX, BETA-THYMOSINS, BINDING-PROTEINS, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, DNASE-I, F-ACTIN, MONOMERIC, NEGATIVE COOPERATIVITY, NMR-SPECTROSCOPY, NUCLEAR-MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, protein crystallography, SCAR, VCA, WASp, WH2|
The WH2 (Wiscott - Aldridge syndrome protein homology domain 2) repeat is an actin interacting motif found in monomer sequestering and filament assembly proteins. We have stabilized the prototypical WH2 family member, thymosin-beta4 (Tbeta4), with respect to actin, by creating a hybrid between gelsolin domain 1 and the C-terminal half of Tbeta4 (G1-Tbeta4). This hybrid protein sequesters actin monomers, severs actin filaments and acts as a leaky barbed end cap. Here, we present the structure of the G1-Tbeta4: actin complex at 2Angstrom resolution. The structure reveals that Tbeta4 sequesters by capping both ends of the actin monomer, and that exchange of actin between Tb4 and profilin is mediated by a minor overlap in binding sites. The structure implies that multiple WH2 motif-containing proteins will associate longitudinally with actin filaments. Finally, we discuss the role of the WH2 motif in arp2/3 activation.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000224409100003|