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Poly(oligo(ethylene glycol)acrylamide) Brushes by Surface Initiated Polymerization: Effect of Macromonomer Chain Length on Brush Growth and Protein Adsorption from Blood Plasma

TitlePoly(oligo(ethylene glycol)acrylamide) Brushes by Surface Initiated Polymerization: Effect of Macromonomer Chain Length on Brush Growth and Protein Adsorption from Blood Plasma
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKizhakkedathu, JN, Janzen, J, Le, Y, Kainthan, RK, Brooks, DE
JournalLangmuir
Volume25
Pagination3794-3801
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0743-7463
KeywordsAQUEOUS ATRP, COPOLYMER BRUSHES, density, METHYL-METHACRYLATE, MODEL, N-DIMETHYLACRYLAMIDE), OLIGO(ETHYLENE GLYCOL) METHACRYLATE, PHOSPHORYLCHOLINE, POLY(N, POLYMERS, TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
Abstract

Three hydrolytically stable polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-based N-substituted acrylamide macromonomers, methoxypolyethyleneglycol (350) acrylamide (MPEG(350)Am) methoxypolyethyleneglycol (750) acrylamide(MPEG(750)Am) and methoxypolyethyleneglycol (2000)acrylamide (MPEG(2000)Am) with increasing PEG chain length were synthesized. Surface-initiated aqueous atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using CuCl/1,1,4,7,10,10-hexamethyl triethylene tetramine (HMTETA) catalyst was utilized to generate dense polymer brushes from these monomers via an ester linker group on the surface of model polystyrene (PS) particles. The molecular weight, hydrodynamic thickness, and graft densities of the grafted polymer layers were controlled by changing the reaction parameters of monomer concentration, addition of Cu(II)Cl-2, and sodium chloride. The graft densities of surface-grafted brushes decreased with increasing PEG macromonomer chain length, 350 > 750 >> 2000, under similar experimental conditions. The molecular weight of grafts increased with increase in monomer concentration, and only selected conditions produced narrow distributed polymer chains. The molecular weight of grafted polymer chains differs significantly to those formed in solution. The hydrodynamic thicknesses of the grafted polymer layers were fitted to the Daoud and Cotton model (DCM) for brush height on spherical surfaces. The results show that the size of the pendent groups on the polymer chains has a profound effect on the hydrodynamic thickness of the brush for a given degree of polymerization. The new PEG-based surfaces show good protection against nonspecific protein adsorption from blood plasma compared to the bare surface. Protein adsorption decreased with increasing surface density of grafted polymer chains. Poly(MPEG(750)Am) brushes were more effective in preventing protein adsorption than poly(MPEG(350)Am) even at low graft densities, presumably due to the increase in PEG content in the grafted layer.

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