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Kinetic analysis using low-molecular mass xyloglucan oligosaccharides defines the catalytic mechanism of a Populus xyloglucan endotransglycosylase

TitleKinetic analysis using low-molecular mass xyloglucan oligosaccharides defines the catalytic mechanism of a Populus xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsSaura-Valls, M, Faure, R, Ragas, S, Piens, K, Brumer, H, Teeri, TT, Cottaz, S, Driguez, H, Planas, A
JournalBIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL
Volume395
Pagination99-106
Date PublishedAPR 1
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN0264-6021
Abstract

Plant xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XET) catalyse the transglycosylation front a XG donor to a XG or low-molecular-mass XG fragment Lis the acceptor, and are thought to be important enzymes in the formation and remodelling of the cellulose-XG three-dimensional network in the primary plant cell wall. Current methods to assay XET activity use the XG polysaccharide as the donor substrate, and present limitations for kinetic and mechanistic studies of XET action due to the polymeric and polydisperse nature of the substrate. A novel activity assay based on HPCE (high performance capillary electrophoresis), in con, junction with a defined low-molecular-mass xyloglucan oligosaccharide (XXXGXXXG) as the glycosyl donor and a heptasaccharide derivatized with 8-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6-trisulphonic acid (XXXG-ANTS) as the acceptor substrate was developed and validated. The recombinant enzyme PttXET16A from Populus tremula x tremuloides (hybrid aspen) was characterized using file donor/acceptor pair indicated above, for which preparative scale syntheses have been optimized. The low-molecular-mass donor underwent a single transglycosylation reaction to the acceptor substrate under initial-rate conditions. with a pH optimum at 5.0 and maximal activity between 30 and 40 degrees C. Kinetic data are best explained by a ping-pong bi-bi mechanism With Substrate inhibition by both donor and acceptor. This is the first assay for XETs using a donor Substrate other than polymeric XG, enabling quantitative kinetic analysis of different XGO donors for specificity, and subsite mapping studies of XET enzymes.

DOI10.1042/BJ20051396