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Effects of sequential replacement of -NH2 by -OH in the tripodal tetraamine tren on its acidity and metal ion coordinating properties

TitleEffects of sequential replacement of -NH2 by -OH in the tripodal tetraamine tren on its acidity and metal ion coordinating properties
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsSong, B, Reuber, J, Ochs, C, Hahn, FE, Lugger, T, Orvig, C
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume40
Pagination1527-1535
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0020-1669
KeywordsCOPPER(II) COMPLEXES, CRYSTAL, DIPERCHLORATE, donor ligands, STABILITY
Abstract

The preparation is described of two modified derivatives of the tripodal tetraamine tren, 2-hydroxy-N,N-bis(2-aminoethyl)ethylamine, NNO(2)222, and 2-amino-N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylamine NNO(2)222, in which one and two primary amines, respectively, have been replaced with hydroxyl groups. The aqueous acid-base and metal ion (Ni2+, Cu2+: Zn2+ coordination properties of these two compounds were studied by potentiometric, spectrophotometric, and NMR titrations. Two and three acidity constants, respectively, were determined for NNO(2)222 and NN(2)O222 by potentiometry. NMR titrations proved that deprotonation of the two OH residues in NNO(2)222, and of the one in NN(2)O222, corresponded to pK(a) > 14. Acidity constants related to deprotonation-of the terminal primary amine functions were similar in both NNO2222 and NN(2)O222 land to those in the parent compound tren), whereas deprotonation of the tertiary ammonium N atom had a very different acidity constant in each of these three compounds. Charge repulsion, polar effects, and intramolecular hydrogen bond formation an responsible for the discrepancy. Chelated diamine metal complexes for each ligand studied depended only on the basicity of the corresponding two amines, suggesting that the hydroxyl group interacted with the metal ion very weakly in acidic or neutral solutions. The ML2+ species further deprotonated to form M(L - H)(+) and M(L - 2H) complexes, in which the protons are released from the coordinated OH group. A pM vs pH correlation showed that replacing an NH2 group with a OH group in tren or NN(2)O222 makes the resulting metal complex less stable. Electronic spectra showed that the Cu(II) complexes of both NNO(2)222 and NN(2)O222 adopted a square pyramidal geometry rather than a trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The X-ray crystal structure analysis of the zinc complex [Zn(OH)(mu -NNO(2)222 - H)Zn(NNO(2)222)](2+), as its [BF4](-) salt, shows a dinuclear molecule containing two zinc ions, each coordinated in a distorted trigonal bipyramid. The coordination environment at one zinc atom is composed of the four donor groups of a mono-O-deprotonated ligand NNO(2)222 and a hydroxyl ion with the central nitrogen atom of the ligand and the hydroxyl ion in equatorial positions. The oxygen atom of the deprotonated alkoxo group bridges to the second zinc atom, which is coordinated by this atom and one undeprotonated ligand NNO2222.

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