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Development and application of a nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis system for the analysis of porphyrins and their oligomers (PHOTOFRIN)

TitleDevelopment and application of a nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis system for the analysis of porphyrins and their oligomers (PHOTOFRIN)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsBowser, MT, Sternberg, ED, Chen, DDY
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume241
Pagination143-150
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0003-2697
KeywordsANIONS, FLUORESCENCE DETECTION, HEMATOPORPHYRIN, PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, PHOTOSENSITIZERS, POLYHEMATOPORPHYRIN, SEPARATION
Abstract

PHOTOFRIN is a complex porphyrin mixture used in the photodynamic therapy of cancer, A nonaqueous buffer with a polyether additive is used in the development of a capillary electrophoresis method for the analysis of this type of compound. This method achieves partial separation of 60 peaks for PHOTOFRIN in 30 min. A methanol-based buffer is used to improve the efficiency of the separation by decreasing the aggregation of porphyrin, and the resolution is improved by using the electroosmotic flow (EOF) to counterbalance the electrophoretic migration of the analytes. This counter-balancing EOF holds the analytes in the electric field longer, thereby improving the resolution, Brij 35 is used as a complexation reagent to adjust the selectivity and improve the efficiency of the separation, The effects that Brij 35 concentration has on the separation of both monomeric and oligomeric porphyrins are discussed. The polarity of the solvent is adjusted through the addition of water and its effect is rationalized. A qualitative fingerprinting method for characterizing PHOTOFRIN is developed, and different batches and stressed samples are studied. (C) 1996 Academic Press, Inc.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1996VV14400001