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Base-pairing behavior of a carbocyclic Janus-AT nucleoside analogue capable of recognizing A and T within a DNA duplex}

TitleBase-pairing behavior of a carbocyclic Janus-AT nucleoside analogue capable of recognizing A and T within a DNA duplex}
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLargy, E, Liu, W, Hasan, A, Perrin, DM
JournalChembiochem
Volume14
Pagination2199–2208
Date PublishedNov
Abstract

Janus-type nucleosides are heterocycles with two faces, each of which is designed to complement the H-bonding interactions of natural nucleosides comprising a canonical Watson-Crick base pair. By intercepting all of the hydrogen bonds contained within the base pair, oligomeric Janus nucleosides are expected to achieve sequence-specific DNA recognition through the formation of J-loops that will be more stable than D-loops, which simply replaces one base-pair with another. Herein, we report the synthesis of a novel Janus-AT nucleoside analogue, JAT , affixed on a carbocyclic analogue of deoxyribose that was converted to the corresponding phosphoramidite. A single JAT was successfully incorporated into a DNA strand by solid phase for targeting both A and T bases, and characterized through biophysical and computational methods. Experimental UV-melting and circular dichroism data demonstrated that within the context of a standard duplex, JAT associates preferentially with T over A, and much more poorly with C and G. Density functional theory calculations confirm that the JAT structure is well suited to associate only with A and T thereby highlighting the importance of the electronic structure in terms of H-bonding. Finally, molecular dynamics simulations validated the observation that JAT can substitute more effectively as an A-analogue than as a T-analogue without substantial distortion of the B-helix. Overall, this new Janus nucleotide is a promising tool for the targeting of A-T base pairs in DNA, and will lead to the development of oligo-Janus-nucleotide strands for sequence-specific DNA recognition.