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ARTIFICIAL NEURAL-NETWORK AND CLASSICAL LEAST-SQUARES METHODS FOR NEUROTRANSMITTER MIXTURE ANALYSIS

TitleARTIFICIAL NEURAL-NETWORK AND CLASSICAL LEAST-SQUARES METHODS FOR NEUROTRANSMITTER MIXTURE ANALYSIS
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsSchulze, HG, Greek, LS, Gorzalka, BB, Bree, AV, Blades, MW, Turner, RFB
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume56
Pagination155-167
Date PublishedFeb
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0165-0270
KeywordsARTIFICIAL NEURAL, BACTERIA, CLASSICAL LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS, INVIVO VOLTAMMETRY, MIXTURE ANALYSIS, NETWORK, Raman spectroscopy, REGRESSION, SMALL-MOLECULE NEUROTRANSMITTER, SPECTRA, SYSTEM, UV RESONANCE RAMAN
Abstract

Identification of individual components in biological mixtures can be a difficult problem regardless of the analytical method employed. In this work, Raman spectroscopy was chosen as a prototype analytical method due to its inherent versatility and applicability to aqueous media, making it useful for the study of biological samples. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and the classical least-squares (CLS) method were used to identify and quantify the Raman spectra of the small-molecule neurotransmitters and mixtures of such molecules. The transfer functions used by a network, as well as the architecture of a network, played an important role in the ability of the network to identify the Raman spectra of individual neurotransmitters and the Raman spectra of neurotransmitter mixtures. Specifically, networks using sigmoid and hyperbolic tangent transfer functions generalized better from the mixtures in the training data set to those in the testing data sets than networks using sine functions. Networks with connections that permit the local processing of inputs generally performed better than other networks on all the testing data sets, and better than the CLS method of curve fitting, on novel spectra of some neurotransmitters. The CLS method was found to perform well on noisy, shifted, and difference spectra.

URL<Go to ISI>://A1995QH94900006