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Anticancer agents from unique natural products sources

TitleAnticancer agents from unique natural products sources
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsIreland, CM, Aalbersberg, W, Andersen, RJ, Ayral-Kaloustian, S, Berlinck, RGS, Bernan, V, Carter, G, Churchill, ACL, Clardy, J, Concepcion, GP, De Silva, ED, Discafani, C, Fojo, T, Frost, P, Gibson, D, Greenberger, LM, Greenstein, M, Harper, MK, Mallon, R, Loganzo, F, Nunes, M, Poruchynsky, MS, Zask, A
JournalPharmaceutical Biology
Volume41
Pagination15-38
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number1388-0209
KeywordsACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE, antitumor agents, austocystins, CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, CYTOTOXIC PEPTIDES, fungi, GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR, hemiasterlins, IN-VIVO, LINKED-IMMUNOSORBENT-ASSAY, MARINE, MICROORGANISMS, MULTIDRUG-RESISTANCE, natural products, NCDDG, sponges, TRIPEPTIDE HEMIASTERLIN, TUMOR-CELL LINES, TYROSINE KINASE
Abstract

The National Cooperative Natural Products Drug Discovery Group (NCNPDDG) "Anticancer Agents from Unique Natural Products Sources, CA 67786" was first awarded in September 1995. The goal of the project is to discover and develop novel anticancer agents from a variety of natural products sources. The key accomplishments of this NCDDG which will be highlighted in this manuscript include: Development of tools to probe fungi for the production of novel natural products by DNA-based probes. Discovery that the majority of these fungi can produce natural products via nonribosomal peptide synthetases, polyketide synthases, or both - a much larger percentage than current culturing techniques reveal. Identification of the MDR-selective cytotoxic agent austocystin D, and use of a novel yeast deletion strain approach to help identify its molecular target(s). Identification of hemiasterlin and other naturally occurring analogs as potent antimitotic agents with excellent in vivo activity against human solid tumors in mouse models. Development of a total synthesis of hemiasterlin. The utilization of this methodology to provide the first SAR for the hemiasterlin family of antimitotic agents and to identify the synthetic analog HTI-286, which is being examined in clinical trials as an anticancer agent. To provided technology transfer, educational opportunities and compensation to countries of origin for collection and study of their natural product resources. This NCNPDDG program has provided funding to research programs at the University of the Philippines, The University of the South Pacific in the Fiji Islands, Colombo University in Sri Lanka, the Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil, and the University of Papua New Guinea.

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