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18F-AmBF3-phosphonium cations for myocardial perfusion imaging with positron emission tomography

Title18F-AmBF3-phosphonium cations for myocardial perfusion imaging with positron emission tomography
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsZhang, Z, Jenni, S, Liu, Z(Zippo), Hundal-Jabal, N, Colpo, N, Perrin, D, Lin, K-S, Bénard, F
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine

1081Objectives Several 18F-labeled lipophilic phosphonium cations have been developed for myocardial perfusion imaging, but most of them require multistep synthesis and/or suffer from significant in vivo defluorination. Recently, 18F-19F isotope exchange on ammoniomethyl-trifluoroborate (AmBF3) was shown to be a facile radiofluorination strategy, and the resulting 18F-AmBF3 conjugates exhibited high in vivo stability. In this study, we synthesized and evaluated two 18F-AmBF3-conjugated phosphonium cations as potential myocardial perfusion imaging agents.Methods Two AmBF3-conjugated phosphonium cations, Z04026 and Z04059, were each synthesized in 4 steps starting from tris(4-methylphenyl)phosphine and tris(3,5-dimethylphenyl)phosphine, respectively. 18F-labeling was performed via 18F-19F isotope exchange with 18F-fluoride, and purified by solid-phase extraction. Lipophilicity was measured by shake flask method. Biodistribution and imaging studies were performed in CD-1 mice.Results 18F-labeled Z04026 and Z04059 were obtained in 12±4 and 17±4% radiochemical yield with >97% radiochemical purity. LogD7.4 of 18F-Z04026 and 18F-Z04059 were 0.1 and 1.1, respectively. Imaging and biodistribution studies showed rapid clearance of both tracers from blood, and their excretion was via both hepatobiliary and renal pathways. At 1 h p.i., the heart uptake was 0.2±0.1 %ID/g for 18F-Z04026 and 1.0±0.7 %ID/g for 18F-Z04059. The heart-to-blood and heart-to-muscle ratios were 1.0±0.2 and 1.5±0.2 for 18F-Z04026, and 8.3±1.9 and 2.8±0.5 for 18F-Z04059.Conclusions More lipophilic 18F-Z04059 showed higher heart uptake and heart-to-background contrast than 18F-Z04026. However, zwitterionic AmBF3 might jeopardise free entry of both tracers into myocardium as their heart uptake values are much lower than those (> 20% ID/g) of previously reported 18F-labeled phosphonium cations.