William Cullen

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William Cullen

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Research and Teaching Interests

Work is continuing in two main areas:

(i) Biogeochemistry of elements such as arsenic, antimony, phosphorus, and mercury.

Here the main themes are: (a) the identification of metal containing species present in plants and animals and the elucidation of biochemical pathways for their formation: e.g. the arsenosugars A are found in marine and terrestrial alga - the ribose moiety probably derives from S-adenosylmethionine. (b) Biological processes involving metals in large scale sources such as land fills and hot springs. (c) The development of methodology for the analyses of compounds such as A: in this case HPLC/ICP/MS is effective.

 (ii) The Chemistry/Biochemistry of Organic Pollutants

The analysis of PAHs is being refined and developed so that individual compounds and their degradation products, present in laboratory culture and in the environment, can be monitored. In particular, new methodology employing ion trap mass spectrometry allows the identification of alkyl PAHs in complex mixtures. One objective of these studies is to isolate microorganisms that can degrade PAHs for possible use in bioremediation, another is to provide information about the rates of recovery of polluted environments. Studies of the effects of PAHs on marine animals such as the soft-shelled clam provide toxicity and metabolic information.

Is Arsenic an Aphrodisiac?: The Sociochemistry of an Element
By William R. Cullen, Published by Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008

Contact

Real name: 
Email: 
Office Room Number(s): 
Chem D312
Office Phone Number: 
604-822-4435
Fax Number: 
604-822-2847

Curriculum Vitae

B.Sc., New Zealand (1955); M.Sc., New Zealand (G.A. Bottomley, 1957); Ph.D., Cambridge (H.J. Emeléus, 1959).

Publications

2009

Yan, H. M. ; Wang, N. ; Weinfeld, M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Le, X. C. Identification Of Arsenic-Binding Proteins In Human Cells By Affinity Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 2009, 81, 4144-4152.

2008

Albert, C. ; Williams, T. D. ; Morrissey, C. A. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Elliott, J. E. Tissue Uptake, Mortality, And Sublethal Effects Of Monomethylarsonic Acid (Mma(V)) In Nestling Zebra Finches (Taeniopygia Guttata). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health-Part a-Current Issues 2008, 71, 353-360.

2007

Morrissey, C. A. ; Albert, C. A. ; Dods, P. L. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Elliott, J. E. Arsenic Accumulation In Bark Beetles And Forest Birds Occupying Mountain Pine Beetle Infested Stands Treated With Monosodium Methanearsonate. Environmental Science & Technology 2007, 41, 1494-1500.
Koch, I. ; Steven, S. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Owen, A. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Bioaccessibility And Excretion Of Arsenic In Niu Huang Jie Du Pian Pills. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2007, 222, 357-364.

2005

Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Koch, I. ; Ollson, C. A. Arsenic In Yellowknife, Canada. In Arsenic Metallurgy; Reddy, R. G. ; Ramachandran, V. ; Arsenic Metallurgy; Minerals, Metals & Materials Soc: Warrendale, 2005; pp. 149-167.
Patrick, B. O. ; Sun, H. S. ; Fricke, M. W. ; Cullen, W. R. Hydroxytrimethylarsonium Iodide, [Me3Asoh]I. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2005, 19, 384-385.
Sun, H. S. ; Patrick, B. O. ; Cullen, W. R. A Convenient Way Of Making Arsoxanes (Raso)(N), X-Ray Crystal Structure Of (M-F3Cc6H4Aso)(4). Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2005, 19, 129-131.
Cullen, W. R. ; Bentley, R. The Toxicity Of Trimethylarsine: An Urban Myth. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2005, 7, 11-15.
Norum, U. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Pergantis, S. A. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Compounds In The Haemolymph Of The Dungeness Crab, Cancer Magister, As Determined By Using Hplc On-Line With Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2005, 7, 122-126.
Fricke, M. W. ; Zeller, M. ; Sun, H. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Shoemaker, J. A. ; Witkowski, M. R. ; Creed, J. T. Chromatographic Separation And Identification Of Products From The Reaction Of Dimethylarsinic Acid With Hydrogen Sulfide. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2005, 18, 1821-1829.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. Untitled. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2005, 19, 1271-1271.

2004

Sun, Y. M. ; Polishchuk, E. A. ; Radoja, U. ; Cullen, W. R. Identification And Quantification Of Arsc Genes In Environmental Samples By Using Real-Time Pcr. Journal of Microbiological Methods 2004, 58, 335-349.
Haug, C. M. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Uptake By The Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga Menziesie). Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2004, 18, 626-630.
Lu, M. L. ; Wang, H. L. ; Li, X. F. ; Lu, X. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Arnold, L. L. ; Cohen, S. M. ; Le, X. C. Evidence Of Hemoglobin Binding To Arsenic As A Basis For The Accumulation Of Arsenic In Rat Blood. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2004, 17, 1733-1742.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Sun, Y. M. ; Ting, E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Arsenic Speciation In Human Urine: Are We All The Same?. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2004, 198, 297-306.
Andrewes, P. ; Demarini, D. M. ; Funasaka, K. ; Wallace, K. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Sun, H. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Kitchin, K. T. Do Arsenosugars Pose A Risk To Human Health? The Comparative Toxicities Of A Trivalent And Pentavalent Arsenosugar. Environmental Science & Technology 2004, 38, 4140-4148.
Granchinho, S. C. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Reimer, K. J. The Effect Of Phosphate On The Bioaccumulation And Biotransformation Of Arsenic(V) By The Marine Alga Fucus Gardneri. In Organic Metal and Metalloid Species in the Environment - Analysis, Distribution, Processes and Toxicological Evaluation; Hirner, A. V. ; Emons, H. ; Organic Metal and Metalloid Species in the Environment - Analysis, Distribution, Processes and Toxicological Evaluation; Springer: New York, 2004; pp. 155-166.

2003

Lehr, C. R. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Radoja, U. ; Cullen, W. R. Demethylation Of Methylarsenic Species By Mycobacterium Neoaurum. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2003, 17, 831-834.
Maillefer, S. ; Lehr, C. R. ; Cullen, W. R. The Analysis Of Volatile Trace Compounds In Landfill Gases, Compost Heaps And Forest Air. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2003, 17, 154-160.
Nesnow, S. ; Roop, B. C. ; Lambert, G. ; Kadiiska, M. ; Mason, R. P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mass, M. J. Dna Damage Induced By Methylated Trivalent Arsenicals Is Mediated By Reactive Oxygen Species. Toxicological Sciences 2003, 72, 1314.
Lehr, C. R. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Delisle, M. C. ; Franz, C. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Methylation By Micro-Organisms Isolated From Sheepskin Bedding Materials. Human & Experimental Toxicology 2003, 22, 325-334.
Jiang, G. F. ; Gong, Z. L. ; Li, X. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Le, X. C. Interaction Of Trivalent Axsenicals With Metallothionein. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2003, 16, 873-880.
Kuipers, B. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mohn, W. W. Reductive Dechlorination Of Weathered Aroclor 1260 During Anaerobic Biotreatment Of Arctic Soils. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 2003, 49, 9-14.

2002

Ahmad, S. ; Kitchin, K. T. ; Cullen, W. R. Plasmid Dna Damage Caused By Methylated Arsenicals, Ascorbic Acid And Human Liver Ferritin. Toxicology Letters 2002, 133, 47-57.
Master, E. R. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Kuipers, B. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mohn, W. W. Sequential Anaerobic-Aerobic Treatment Of Soil Contaminated With Weathered Aroclor 1260. Environmental Science & Technology 2002, 36, 100-103.
Devesa, V. ; Suner, M. A. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Granchinho, S. C. R. ; Velez, D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Martinez, J. M. ; Montoro, R. Distribution Of Arsenic Species In The Freshwater Crustacean Procambarus Clarkii. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2002, 16, 692-700.
Nesnow, S. ; Roop, B. C. ; Lambert, G. ; Kadiiska, M. ; Mason, R. P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mass, M. J. Dna Damage Induced By Methylated Trivalent Arsenicals Is Mediated By Reactive Oxygen Species. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2002, 15, 1627-1634.
Granchinho, S. C. R. ; Franz, C. M. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Transformation Of Arsenic(V) By The Fungus Fusarium Oxysporum Melonis Isolated From The Alga Fucus Gardneri. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2002, 16, 721-726.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Beach, A. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Ray, S. ; Reimer, K. J. Arsenic Speciation In Whelks, Bucciunum Undatum. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2002, 16, 458-462.
Cullen, W. R. ; Andrewes, P. ; Fyfe, C. ; Grondey, H. ; Liao, T. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Wang, L. X. ; Wang, C. Q. Solidification/stabilization Of Adamsite And Lewisite In Cement And The Stability Of Arylarsenicals In Soil. In Environmental Aspects of Converting Cw Facilities to Peaceful Purposes; McGuire, R. R. ; Compton, J. C. ; Environmental Aspects of Converting Cw Facilities to Peaceful Purposes; Springer: Dordrecht, 2002; Vol. 37, pp. 45-65.
Gong, Z. ; Jiang, G. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Aposhian, H. V. ; Le, X. C. Determination Of Arsenic Metabolic Complex Excreted In Human Urine After Administration Of Sodium 2,3-Dimercapto-1-Propane Sulfonate. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2002, 15, 1318-1323.
Simpson, C. D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; He, T. Y. T. ; Ikonomou, M. ; Reimer, K. J. Metabolism Of Pyrene By Two Clam Species, Mya Arenaria And Protothaca Staminea. Chemosphere 2002, 49, 315-322.
Devesa, V. ; Suner, M. A. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Granchinho, S. C. R. ; Martinez, J. M. ; Velez, D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Montoro, R. Determination Of Arsenic Species In A Freshwater Crustacean Procambarus Clarkii. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2002, 16, 123-132.

2001

Lin, S. ; Del Razo, L. M. ; Styblo, M. ; Wang, C. Q. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Arsenicals Inhibit Thioredoxin Reductase In Cultured Rat Hepatocytes. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2001, 14, 305-311.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Reimer, K. J. Antimony Biomethylation By The Wood Rotting Fungus Phaeolus Schweinitzii. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2001, 15, 473-480.
Przygoda, G. ; Feldmann, J. ; Cullen, W. R. The Arsenic Eaters Of Styria: A Different Picture Of People Who Were Chronically Exposed To Arsenic. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2001, 15, 457-462.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Ray, S. Arsenic Speciation In Sea Scallop Gonads. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2001, 15, 533-538.
Granchinho, S. C. R. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Biomethylation And Bioaccumulation Of Arsenic(V) By Marine Alga Fucus Gardneri. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2001, 15, 553-560.
Del Razo, L. M. ; Styblo, M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Determination Of Trivalent Methylated Arsenicals In Biological Matrices. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2001, 174, 282-293.
Mass, M. J. ; Tennant, A. ; Roop, B. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Styblo, M. ; Thomas, D. J. ; Kligerman, A. D. Methylated Trivalent Arsenic Species Are Genotoxic. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2001, 14, 355-361.
Gong, Z. L. ; Lu, X. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Le, X. C. Unstable Trivalent Arsenic Metabolites, Monomethylarsonous Acid And Dimethylarsinous Acid. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 2001, 16, 1409-1413.

2000

Ahmad, S. ; Kitchin, K. T. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Species That Cause Release Of Iron From Ferritin And Generation Of Activated Oxygen. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 2000, 382, 195-202.
Le, X. C. ; Ma, M. S. ; Lu, X. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Aposhian, H. V. ; Zheng, B. S. Determination Of Monomethylarsonous Acid, A Key Arsenic Methylation Intermediate, In Human Urine. Environmental Health Perspectives 2000, 108, 1015-1018.
Le, X. C. ; Lu, X. F. ; Ma, M. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Aposhian, H. V. ; Zheng, B. S. Speciation Of Key Arsenic Metabolic Intermediates In Human Urine. Analytical Chemistry 2000, 72, 5172-5177.
Koch, I. ; Wang, L. X. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Species In Terrestrial Fungi And Lichens From Yellowknife, Nwt, Canada. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2000, 14, 245-252.
Petrick, J. S. ; Ayala-Fierro, F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Carter, D. E. ; Aposhian, H. V. Monomethylarsonous Acid (Mma(Iii)) Is More Toxic Than Arsenite In Chang Human Hepatocytes. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2000, 163, 203-207.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Polishchuk, E. Arsenic And Antimony Biomethylation By Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis: Interaction Of Arsenic And Antimony Compounds. Environmental Science & Technology 2000, 34, 2249-2253.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Wang, C. Q. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Liao, T. Interaction Of Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis, And Other Microorganisms, With 10,10 ’-Oxybisphenoxarsine (Obpa). Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2000, 14, 364-370.
Koch, I. ; Wang, L. X. ; Ollson, C. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. The Predominance Of Inorganic Arsenic Species In Plants From Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. Environmental Science & Technology 2000, 34, 22-26.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Polishchuk, E. Antimony Biomethylation By Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis: Characterization Of Intermediates And The Methyl Donor. Chemosphere 2000, 41, 1717-1725.
Styblo, M. ; Del Razo, L. M. ; Vega, L. ; Germolec, D. R. ; LeCluyse, E. L. ; Hamilton, G. A. ; Reed, W. ; Wang, C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Comparative Toxicity Of Trivalent And Pentavalent Inorganic And Methylated Arsenicals In Rat And Human Cells. Archives of Toxicology 2000, 74, 289-299.
Koch, I. ; Wang, L. X. ; Feldmann, J. ; Andrewes, P. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Antimony Species In Environmental Samples. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 2000, 77, 111-131.

1999

Kuipers, B. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mohn, W. W. Reductive Dechlorination Of Nonachlorobiphenyls And Selected Octachlorobiphenyls By Microbial Enrichment Cultures. Environmental Science & Technology 1999, 33, 3579-3585.
Feldmann, J. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Ma, M. S. ; Lu, X. F. ; Le, X. C. Sample Preparation And Storage Can Change Arsenic Speciation In Human Urine. Clinical Chemistry 1999, 45, 1988-1997.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Ray, S. Arsenic Speciation In Scallops. Marine Chemistry 1999, 66, 81-89.
Zakharyan, R. A. ; Ayala-Fierro, F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Carter, D. M. ; Aposhian, H. V. Enzymatic Methylation Of Arsenic Compounds. Vii. Monomethylarsonous Acid (Mma(Iii)) Is The Substrate For Mma Methyltransferase Of Rabbit Liver And Human Hepatocytes. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 1999, 158, 9-15.
Styblo, M. ; Del Razo, L. M. ; LeCluyse, E. L. ; Hamilton, G. A. ; Wang, C. Q. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Metabolism Of Arsenic In Primary Cultures Of Human And Rat Hepatocytes. Chemical Research in Toxicology 1999, 12, 560-565.
Mosi, A. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Eigendorf, G. K. Ion/molecule Reactions Of Perfluorotributylamine (Fc43) Cations With Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons In A Quadrupole Ion Trap. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 1999, 191, 195-207.
Ahmad, S. ; Kitchin, K. T. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic Species Cause Release Of Iron From Ferritin Generating Activated Oxygen. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 1999, 27, 13.
Koch, I. ; Feldmann, J. ; Wang, L. X. ; Andrewes, P. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Arsenic In The Meager Creek Hot Springs Environment, British Columbia, Canada. Science of the Total Environment 1999, 236, 101-117.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Polishchuk, E. Confirmation Of The Aerobic Production Of Trimethylstibine By Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1999, 13, 659-664.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Feldmann, J. ; Koch, I. ; Polishchuk, E. Methylantimony Compound Formation In The Medium Of Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis Cultures: (Cd3)-C-13-L-Methionine As A Source Of The Methyl Group. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1999, 13, 681-687.
Lin, S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Methylarsenicals And Arsinothiols Are Potent Inhibitors Of Mouse Liver Thioredoxin Reductase. Chemical Research in Toxicology 1999, 12, 924-930.
Feldmann, J. ; Krupp, E. M. ; Glindemann, D. ; Hirner, A. V. ; Cullen, W. R. Methylated Bismuth In The Environment. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1999, 13, 739-748.

1998

Hirner, A. V. ; Feldmann, J. ; Krupp, E. ; Grumping, R. ; Goguel, R. ; Cullen, W. R. Metal(Loid)Organic Compounds In Geothermal Gases And Waters. Organic Geochemistry 1998, 29, 1765-1778.
Simpson, C. D. ; Harrington, C. F. ; Cullen, W. R. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination In Marine Sediments Near Kitimat, British Columbia. Environmental Science & Technology 1998, 32, 3266-3272.
Males, R. G. ; Nelson, J. C. ; Phillips, P. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Herring, F. G. Vesicular Membrane Permeability Of Monomethylarsonic And Dimethylarsinic Acids. Biophysical Chemistry 1998, 70, 75-85.
Koch, I. ; Feldmann, J. ; Lintschinger, J. ; Serves, S. V. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Demethylation Of Trimethylantimony Species In Aqueous Solution During Analysis By Hydride Generation Gas Chromatography With Aas And Icp Ms Detection. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1998, 12, 129-136.
Andrewes, P. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Feldmann, J. ; Koch, I. ; Polishchuk, E. ; Reimer, E. The Production Of Methylated Organoantimony Compounds By Scopulariopsis Brevicaulis. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1998, 12, 827-842.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Harrington, C. F. ; Reimer, K. J. Seasonal Changes In Arsenic Speciation In Fucus Species. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1998, 12, 243-251.
Cullen, W. R. Arsenic In The Environment. In Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and ’Mustard’ Munitions; Bunnett, J. F. ; Mikolajczyk, M. ; Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and ’Mustard’ Munitions; Springer: Dordrecht, 1998; Vol. 19, pp. 123-134.

1997

Mohn, W. W. ; Westerberg, K. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Aerobic Biodegradation Of Biphenyl And Polychlorinated Biphenyls By Arctic Soil Microorganisms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 1997, 63, 3378-3384.
Lai, V. W. M. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Harrington, C. F. ; Reimer, K. J. The Characterization Of Arsenosugars In Commercially Available Algal Products Including A Nostoc Species Of Terrestrial Origin. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1997, 11, 797-803.
Lintschinger, J. ; Koch, I. ; Serves, S. ; Feldmann, J. ; Cullen, W. R. Determination Of Antimony Species With High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Using Element Specific Detection. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 1997, 359, 484-491.
Mudalige, D. C. ; Ma, E. S. ; Rettig, S. J. ; James, B. R. ; Cullen, W. R. Synthesis And X-Ray Structure Of An H2S Complex, Rucl2(P-N)(P(P-Tolyl)(3))(Sh2) (P-N=O-(Diphenylphosphino)-N,n-Dimethylaniline). Inorganic Chemistry 1997, 36, 5426-&.
Cullen, W. R. ; Herring, F. G. ; Nwata, B. U. The Effect Of Organotin Compounds On The Permeability Of Model Biological Membranes. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1997, 11, 369-379.
Pergantis, S. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Chow, D. T. ; Eigendor, G. K. Liquid Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry For The Speciation Of Arsenic Animal Feed Additives. Journal of Chromatography A 1997, 764, 211-222.
Styblo, M. ; Serves, S. V. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Thomas, D. J. Comparative Inhibition Of Yeast Glutathione Reductase By Arsenicals And Arsenothiols. Chemical Research in Toxicology 1997, 10, 27-33.
Harrington, C. F. ; Ojo, A. A. ; Lai, V. W. M. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. The Identification Of Some Water-Soluble Arsenic Species In The Marine Brown Algae Fucus Distichus. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1997, 11, 931-940.
Feldman, J. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. ; Cullen, W. R. Metal/metalloid Speciation Analysis Of Human Body Fluids By Using Hydride Generation Icp-Ms Methodology. In Trace Elements in Man and Animals - 9; Fischer, P. W. F. ; Labbe, M. R. ; Cockell, K. A. ; Gibson, R. S. ; Trace Elements in Man and Animals - 9; Natl Research Council Canada: Ottawa, 1997; pp. 252-254.

1996

Harrington, C. F. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Cullen, W. R. The Use Of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography For The Speciation Of Organotin Compounds. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1996, 10, 339-362.
Li, X. F. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Le, X. C. Microbial Degradation Of Pyrene And Characterization Of A Metabolite. Science of the Total Environment 1996, 177, 17-29.
Dodd, M. ; Pergantis, S. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Li, H. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Reimer, K. J. Antimony Speciation In Freshwater Plant Extracts By Using Hydride Generation Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry. Analyst 1996, 121, 223-228.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Moore, A. E. ; Soulen, R. L. Reaction Of Methanol With Perfluorotetracyclobuta-1,3,5,7-Cyclooctatetraene. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1996, 76, 121-124.
Li, X. F. ; Le, X. C. ; Simpson, C. D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Bacterial Transformation Of Pyrene In A Marine Environment. Environmental Science & Technology 1996, 30, 1115-1119.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zhang, H. L. Benzynechromium Tricarbonyl. Further Synthetic Studies. Inorganica Chimica Acta 1996, 251, 53-64.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zhang, H. L. Synthesis Of Some Phosphino- And Arsinobenzenechromium Tricarbonyl Derivatives And Metal Carbonyl Clusters. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1996, 74, 2167-2181.
Simpson, C. D. ; Mosi, A. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Composition And Distribution Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination In Surficial Marine Sediments From Kitimat Harbor, Canada. Science of the Total Environment 1996, 181, 265-278.

1995

Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. The Reaction Of Phsr(R=Fc Or Ph) With Ru-3(Co)(12). Polyhedron 1995, 14, 2653-2661.
Cullen, W. R. ; Li, H. ; Pergantis, S. A. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Mosi, A. A. Arsenic Biomethylation By The Microorganism Apiotrichum Humicola In The Presence Of L-Methionine-Methyl-D(3). Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1995, 9, 507-515.
Simpson, C. D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Quinlan, K. B. ; Reimer, K. J. Methodology For The Determination Of Priority Pollutant Polycyclic Aromatic-Hydrocarbons In Marine-Sediments. Chemosphere 1995, 31, 4143-4155.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; White, A. S. C. The One-Step Synthesis Of Chiral Amino Phosphino Ferrocenes. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1995, 492, 157-164.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Naphthyne - Osmium And Ruthenium Cluster Derivatives. Organometallics 1995, 14, 1466-1470.

1994

Ball, G. E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; Henderson, W. J. ; James, B. R. ; Macfarlane, K. S. High-Pressure Nmr-Study Of Imine Hydrogenation Catalyzed By Rhodium(I) Phosphine Complexes - Characterization Of Species Present Under Catalytic Conditions. Inorganic Chemistry 1994, 33, 1464-1468.
Cullen, W. R. ; Li, H. ; Pergantis, S. A. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Harrison, L. G. The Methylation Of Arsenate By A Marine Alga Polyphysa-Peniculus In The Presence Of L-Methionine-Methyl-D(3). Chemosphere 1994, 28, 1009-1019.
Cullen, W. R. ; Harrison, L. G. ; Li, H. ; Hewitt, G. Bioaccumulation And Excretion Of Arsenic Compounds By A Marine Unicellular Alga, Polyphysa-Peniculus. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1994, 8, 313-324.
Cullen, W. R. ; Li, H. ; Hewitt, G. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Zalunardo, N. Identification Of Extracellular Arsenical Metabolites In The Growth-Medium Of The Microorganisms Apiotrichum-Humicola And Scopulariopsis-Brevicaulis. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1994, 8, 303-311.
Bright, D. A. ; Brock, S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Hewitt, G. M. ; Jafaar, J. ; Reimer, K. J. Methylation Of Arsenic By Anaerobic Microbial Consortia Isolated From Lake Sediment. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1994, 8, 415-422.
Le, X. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Effect Of Cysteine On The Speciation Of Arsenic By Using Hydride Generation Atomic-Absorption Spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta 1994, 285, 277-285.
Cullen, W. R. ; Herring, F. G. ; Nelson, J. C. Employing Permeability Coefficients To Understand The Biomobility And Bioaccumulation Of Compounds Sensitive To The Environment. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1994, 52, 171-175.
Le, X. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Human Urinary Arsenic Excretion After One-Time Ingestion Of Seaweed, Crab, And Shrimp. Clinical Chemistry 1994, 40, 617-624.
Zheng, T. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. Multinuclear Complexes Derived From Ferrocenylphosphines And Triruthenium Dodecacarbonyl. Organometallics 1994, 13, 3594-3604.
Le, S. X. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Speciation Of Arsenic Compounds In Some Marine Organisms. Environmental Science & Technology 1994, 28, 1598-1604.
Cullen, W. R. ; Li, X. F. ; Reimer, K. J. Degradation Of Phenanthrene And Pyrene By Microorganisms Isolated From Marine Sediment And Seawater. Science of the Total Environment 1994, 156, 27-37.
Zhu, L. ; Cullen, W. R. Effects Of Mercury-(Ii) Species On Cell-Suspension Cultures Of Catharanthus-Roseus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1994, 53, 779-786.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. Characterization And Nonrigid Behavior Of A Carboxylate-Bridged Rhodium Dimer. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1994, 72, 1294-1301.

1993

Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Preparation And Characterization Of The Osmium Cluster Complexes H2Os3(Co)8L(Etfcpcme) (L=Co Or Pet2Fc) And H2Os3(Co)8[(Eta-C5H3Pet2)Fe(Eta-C5H4)]. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1993, 71, 399-409.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Crystal And Molecular-Structures Of Os3(Co)9[Mu(3)-(C5H4Pr)Fe(C5H4)] (R = Fc Or Ph), 2 Molecules With Fe -] Os Bonds. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1993, 452, 97-103.
Cullen, W. R. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Pergantis, S. A. Desorption Chemical Ionization Mass-Spectrometry Of Arsenic Compounds Present In The Marine And Terrestrial Environment. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 1993, 7, 33-36.
Le, X. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Determination Of Urinary Arsenic And Impact Of Dietary Arsenic Intake. Talanta 1993, 40, 185-193.
Hewitt, G. M. ; Jaafar, J. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Bright, D. A. ; Reimer, K. J. Metabolism Of Arsenic By Mixed Microbial Consortia Isolated From Contaminated Lake-Sediments Near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 1993, 195-195.
Cullen, W. R. ; Nelson, J. C. The Biotransformation Of Monomethylarsonate And Dimethylarsinate Into Arsenobetaine In Seawater And Mussels. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1993, 7, 319-327.
Cullen, W. R. ; Pergantis, S. A. Biotransformation Of [H-3] Methylarsonic Acid In A Static Seawater System Containing Mytilus-Californianus. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1993, 7, 329-334.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hettipathirana, D. I. The Effect Of Arsenicals On Alkaloid Production By Cell-Suspension Cultures Of Catharanthus-Roseus. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1993, 7, 477-486.
Mudalige, D. C. ; Rettig, S. J. ; James, B. R. ; Cullen, W. R. Molecular-Hydrogen, Molecular-Nitrogen And Monohydride Derivatives Of The Structurally Characterized Dichloro(O-Diphenylphosphino-N,n-Dimethylaniline)[Tris(P-Tolyl)Phosphine ]Ruthenium(Ii) Complex. Journal of the Chemical Society-Chemical Communications 1993, 830-832.

1992

Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Crystal And Molecular-Structures Of 2 Triosmium Carbonyl Cluster Complexes Containing Ortho-Metalated Phenylphosphines (Mu-H)Os3(Co)8L[Pfcph(C6H4)] (L = Pfcph2 Or Co). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1992, 70, 2215-2223.
Dodd, M. ; Grundy, S. L. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Cullen, W. R. Methylated Antimony(V) Compounds - Synthesis, Hydride Generation Properties And Implications For Aquatic Speciation. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1992, 6, 207-211.
Cullen, W. R. ; Nelson, J. The Use Of Liposomes In Predicting The Biological Mobility Of Arsenic Compounds. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1992, 6, 179-183.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Crystal And Molecular-Structure Of An Unusual Unsymmetrical Isomer Of 1,2-Os3(Co)10(P(C6H5)[(Eta-C5H4)Fe(Eta-C5H5)]2)2. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1992, 70, 2329-2334.
Le, X. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. ; Brindle, I. D. A New Continuous Hydride Generator For The Determination Of Arsenic, Antimony And Tin By Hydride Generation Atomic-Absorption Spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta 1992, 258, 307-315.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zheng, T. C. Iron Osmium Bonding In Clusters Containing Ferrocene Fragments. Organometallics 1992, 11, 277-283.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Zhang, H. L. An Unprecedented Derivative Of Benzynechromium Tricarbonyl, Ru3(Co)8[Mu-3-C6H4Cr(Co)3][Mu-3-Pbu-Tert]. Organometallics 1992, 11, 1000-1002.
Hampton, C. ; Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; James, B. R. ; Charland, J. P. ; Simpson, J. Molecular Dihydrogen And Hydrido Derivatives Of Ruthenium(Ii) Complexes Containing Chelating Ferrocenyl-Based Tertiary Phosphine Amine Ligands And Or Monodentate Tertiary Phosphine-Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 1992, 31, 5509-5520.

1991

Ball, G. E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; James, B. R. ; Rettig, S. J. Oxidative Addition Of Dichloromethane To [(Dppe)Rh]2(Mu-Cl)2 (Dppe = Ph2Pch2Ch2Pph2) - X-Ray Structure Of [(Dppe)Rhcl]2(Mu-Cl)2(Mu-Ch2). Organometallics 1991, 10, 3767-3769.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. Rhodium(I) Complexes Of Beta-Diketonates And Related Ligands As Homogeneous Hydrogenation Catalysts. Journal of Molecular Catalysis 1991, 66, 251-269.
Becalski, A. G. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; James, B. R. ; Kang, G. J. ; Rettig, S. J. Catalytic Asymmetric Hydrogenation Of Imines - Use Of Rhodium(I)/phosphine Complexes And Characterization Of Rhodium(I)/imine Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 1991, 30, 5002-5008.

1990

Cullen, W. R. ; Eigendorf, G. K. ; Nwata, B. U. ; Takatsu, A. The Quantitation Of Butyltin And Cyclohexyltin Compounds In The Marine-Environment Of British-Columbia. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1990, 4, 581-590.
Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; James, B. R. ; Kutney, J. P. ; Kang, G. J. ; Herb, G. ; Thorburn, I. S. ; Spogliarich, R. Asymmetric Homogeneous Hydrogenation Of Imines Using Rhodium Phosphine Systems. Journal of Molecular Catalysis 1990, 62, 243-253.
Wickenheiser, E. B. ; Cullen, W. R. Independence Of The Ethylene Ligands In Bis(Eta-2-Ethene)Rhodium(I) Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 1990, 29, 4671-4676.
Chacon, S. T. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Bruce, M. I. ; Binshawkataly, O. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Jones, R. H. ; Willis, A. C. Some Reactions Of Ferrocenyl Phosphines With Fe3(Co)12, Ru3(Co)12 - The Structures Of Ru3(Co)11(Pfcph2) And Ru3(Co)10(Pph2-Eta-C5H4)2Fe). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1990, 68, 2001-2010.
Cullen, W. R. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. Substituted Ferrocenecarboxylic Acids And Esters. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1990, 68, 705-707.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Pickett, A. W. The Uptake Of Arsenicals By Candida-Humicola. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 1990, 4, 119-125.

1989

Cullen, W. R. ; Reimer, K. J. Arsenic Speciation In The Environment. Chemical Reviews 1989, 89, 713-764.
Cullen, W. R. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. Rhodium(I) Complexes Of Beta-Diketonates And Related Ligands As Hydrosilylation Catalysts. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1989, 370, 141-154.
Carvalho, C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; Jacobs, H. ; James, B. R. ; Kutney, J. P. ; Piotrowska, K. ; Singh, V. K. The Chemistry Of Thujone .14. Synthesis Of Biologically-Active Aryl Terpenoid Analogs. Helvetica Chimica Acta 1989, 72, 205-211.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. A Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Spectroscopic Study Of Some Tri-Sulfide Bridged Ferrocenes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1989, 67, 1851-1858.

1988

Hampton, C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; James, B. R. ; Charland, J. P. {The Preparation And Structure Of A Dinuclear Eta-2-H2 Complex (P-N)(Eta-2-H2)Ru(Mu-Cl)2(Mu-H)Ru(H)(Pph3)2. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1988, 110, 6918-6919.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Trotter, J. Structure Of Benzoylferrocene. Acta Crystallographica Section C-Crystal Structure Communications 1988, 44, 1666-1667.
Cullen, W. R. ; Chacon, S. T. ; Bruce, M. I. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Jones, R. H. Preparation And Structure Of Ru3(Co)7(Mu3-Eta-2-C6H4)(Mu-Pphfc)2. Organometallics 1988, 7, 2273-2278.
Kang, G. J. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; James, B. R. ; Kutney, J. P. Rhodium(I)-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation Of Imines. Journal of the Chemical Society-Chemical Communications 1988, 1466-1467.
Hampton, C. ; Dekleva, T. W. ; James, B. R. ; Cullen, W. R. A Molecular Dihydrogen Moiety Within Dimeric Chlorohydrido(Tertiary Phosphine)Ruthenium Complexes. Inorganica Chimica Acta 1988, 145, 165-166.
Becalski, A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Fryzuk, M. D. ; Herb, G. ; James, B. R. ; Kutney, J. P. ; Piotrowska, K. ; Tapiolas, D. The Chemistry Of Thujone .12. The Synthesis Of Pyrethroid Analogs Via Chiral Cyclopropanation. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1988, 66, 3108-3115.
Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Trotter, J. ; Wickenheiser, E. B. Structural Studies Of Organoboron Compounds .31. (3-Benzoyl-(+)-Camphorato)Diphenylboron. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1988, 66, 2007-2013.
Bruce, M. I. ; Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Koutsantonis, G. A. ; Snow, M. R. ; Tiekink, E. R. T. Cyclopentadienyl-Ruthenium And Cyclopentadienyl-Osmium Chemistry .31. Preparation Of Some Complexes Containing 1,1’-Bis(Diphenylphosphino)Ferrocene (Dppf) - X-Ray Structure Of Ruh(Dppf)(Eta-C5H5). Australian Journal of Chemistry 1988, 41, 963-969.

1987

Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Lindsell, W. E. ; Preston, P. N. ; Rettig, S. J. The Reaction Of Acetylenes With Compounds Containing Fe-Aryl Bonds - A Convenient And Novel Synthesis Of Indenones. Journal of the Chemical Society-Chemical Communications 1987, 439-441.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Rettig, S. J. The Synthesis And Structure Of Fe[Eta-5-C5H3(Chmenme2)Sicl2-1,2][C5H4-Eta-5]. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1987, 65, 1452-1456.

1986

Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. Lithiophosphinoferrocenes - A Route To Polyphosphines And Ring-Substituted Ferrocenophanes. Organometallics 1986, 5, 2537-2542.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Herring, F. G. ; Jagannathan, N. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Jones, R. Nmr-Studies And Structure Of The [3]Ferrocenophanes Fe(Eta-5-C5H4S3)(Eta-5-C5H3P(S)Ph2-1,n) (N=2 Or 3). Inorganic Chemistry 1986, 25, 4534-4541.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Herring, F. G. ; Jagannathan, N. R. Alpha-N,n-Dimethylaminoethylferrocene - A Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance Study Relating To Stereoselective Metalation. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1986, 64, 667-669.

1985

Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Kim, T. J. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Trotter, J. 1,1’-Bis[(Alkyl/aryl)Phosphino]Ferrocenes - Synthesis And Metal-Complex Formation - Crystal-Structure Of 3 Metal-Complexes Of Fe(Eta-5-C5H4Pph2)2. Organometallics 1985, 4, 972-980.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Mann, B. E. ; Nurse, C. R. Hydrogenation Of Cationic Bis(Tertiary Alkylphosphine)Rhodium(I) Complexes - An Nmr-Study. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1985, 280, C47-C50.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Willis, A. C. Isomeric Zwitterions And Ferrocenophanes From The Reaction Of 1-Lithio-1’-(Diphenylphosphino)Ferrocene With Group-6 Carbonyls. Organometallics 1985, 4, 603-604.
Appleton, T. D. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Evans, S. V. ; Kim, T. J. ; Trotter, J. Rhodium(I) Complexes Of Ferrocenylphosphines As Efficient Asymmetric Catalysts - The Structure Of Fe(Eta-5-C5H3(P(Cme3)2-1,3)(Eta-5-C5H3(Chmenme2)P(Cme3)2-1,2). Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1985, 279, 5-21.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Ni, J. ; Rettig, S. J. The Structure Of The 3-2 Adduct Of 1,1’-Dilithioferrocene With Tetramethylethylenediamine. Organometallics 1985, 4, 2196-2201.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Kim, T. J. Synthesis Of Some Isopropylphosphinoferrocenes. Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry 1985, 15, 109-116.

1984

Cullen, W. R. ; Dolphin, D. ; Hoffman, D. ; Trip, E. S-Adenosylcoenzyme M And (+/-) S-Methyl Adenosylcoenzyme-M - Preparation And Role In Methane Biosynthesis. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1984, 62, 2136-2139.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Pickett, A. W. ; Reglinski, J. The Wood Preservative Chromated Copper Arsenate Is A Substrate For Trimethylarsine Biosynthesis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 1984, 47, 443-444.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Kim, T. J. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Jones, T. Metal-Hydrides From Cationic Rhodium(I) Catalyst Precursors - X-Ray Structure Of [(L-L)Hrh(Mu-H)3Rhh(L-L)]Clo4 [L-L = Rac-Fe(Eta-5-C5H4Pphbut)2]. Journal of the Chemical Society-Chemical Communications 1984, 719-721.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Reglinski, J. The Reaction Of Methylarsenicals With Thiols - Some Biological Implications. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 1984, 21, 179-194.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Reglinski, J. The Reduction Of Trimethylarsine Oxide To Trimethylarsine By Thiols - A Mechanistic Model For The Biological Reduction Of Arsenicals. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 1984, 21, 45-60.

1983

Rodgers, G. E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; James, B. R. A Kinetic-Study Of The Hydrogenation Of Hexene-1 Catalyzed By A Ferrocenyl-Phosphine Derivative Of Ruthenium(Ii). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1983, 61, 1314-1318.
Cullen, W. R. ; Kim, T. J. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Jones, T. {Structure Of The Hydrogenation Catalyst [(P-P)Rh(Nbd)]Clo4. Organometallics 1983, 2, 714-719.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. The Synthesis Of 1,1’-Ferrocenyldiamines. Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry 1983, 13, 321-330.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. The Synthesis Of Alpha-N,n-Dimethyl-1’-Diphenylphosphinoferrocenylethylamine And Related Ligands. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1983, 61, 147-153.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. The Synthesis Of Primary, Secondary, And Tertiary Ferrocenylethylamines. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1983, 61, 2354-2358.
Butler, I. R. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Rettig, S. J. ; Willis, A. J. Synthesis Of Some Ring-Substituted [1]Ferrocenophanes And The Structure Of 4 Representative Examples. Organometallics 1983, 2, 128-135.

1982

Cullen, W. R. ; Woollins, J. D. Asymmetric Homogeneous Hydrogenation Of Olefins Catalyzed By Alkylphosphine Complexes Of Rhodium(I). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1982, 60, 1793-1799.
Cullen, W. R. ; Soulen, R. L. ; Williams, M. ; Wu, A. W. The Preparation Of ((C6H5)3P)2Pt[Eta-2-(-C=C(Cf2)2)3] And (C6H5)3P+-C=C(Cf2)2C=Co-Cf2Co. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1982, 21, 243-247.

1981

Cullen, W. R. ; Soulen, R. L. 2,2’-Dihalo-Bis(Perfluorocycloalkenes) .2. Reaction With Pyridine. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1981, 17, 453-456.
Cobbledick, R. E. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Williams, M. Crystal And Molecular-Structure Of 2 Isomeric Iron Carbonyl Derivatives Which Contain An Extensively Rearranged Bis(Tertiary Phosphine). Inorganic Chemistry 1981, 20, 186-194.
Cullen, W. R. ; Woollins, J. D. Ferrocene-Containing Metal-Complexes. Coordination Chemistry Reviews 1981, 39, 1-30.
Pickett, A. W. ; McBride, B. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Manji, H. The Reduction Of Trimethylarsine Oxide By Candida-Humicola. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 1981, 27, 773-778.

1980

Brzezinska, Z. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. Further Reactions Of Bridge-Substituted Ditertiary Arsines And Phosphines With Metal-Carbonyls And Compounds Of Platinum And Palladium. Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry 1980, 10, 461-477.
Brzezinska, Z. C. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Strukul, G. Polymeric Siloxyphosphine Rhodium(I) Complexes As Hydrogenation Catalysts. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1980, 58, 750-754.
Brzezinska, Z. C. ; Cullen, W. R. The Preparation Of Polymeric Siloxyphosphine Rhodium(I) Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1980, 58, 744-749.
Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. The Reaction Of R2Pc=Ccl(Cf2)N With Iron Carbonyls - Unusual Complexes Formed By Ligand Cleavage Reactions. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1980, 58, 143-150.
Cullen, W. R. ; Fishman, M. The Reduction Of Trifluoroacetylferrocene By Fermenting Bakers-Yeast. Inorganica Chimica Acta-Bioinorganic Chemistry 1980, 46, L85-L85.
Cullen, W. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Huang, C. H. ; Willis, A. C. ; Yeh, E. S. Asymmetric Hydrogenation Catalyzed By Cationic Ferrocenylphosphine Rhodium(I) Complexes And The Crystal-Structure Of A Catalyst Precursor. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1980, 102, 988-993.

1979

Kutney, J. P. ; Badger, R. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Greenhouse, R. ; Noda, M. ; Ridaurasanz, V. E. ; So, Y. H. ; Zanarotti, A. ; Worth, B. R. Dihydropyridines In Synthesis And Biosynthesis .2. Stable Tricarbonylchromium(O) Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1979, 57, 300-303.
Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. Fluorocarbon Derivatives Of Iron As Catalysts For The Photo-Chemical Isomerization Of 1-Pentene. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1979, 14, 429-435.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Reimer, M. Induction Of The Aerobic Methylation Of Arsenic By Candida-Humicola. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 1979, 21, 157-161.
Antonio, T. ; Chopoa, A. K. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Dolphin, D. Model For The Biological Methylation Of Arsenic. Journal of Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry 1979, 41, 1220-1221.
Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. Photochromism Of Derivatives Of 2,2’-Dichlorooctafluoro(Bi-1-Cyclobuten-1-Yl). Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1979, 14, 85-88.
Cullen, W. R. ; Dolphin, D. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Mihichuk, L. M. ; Willis, A. C. Preparation Of Arsenocobaloximes And The Crystal-Structure Of [(Ch3)(C6H5)As(O)Coiii(Dmgh)(Dmg)]2Coii. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1979, 101, 6898-6904.
Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. Reactions Of The Tertiary Phosphines R2Pc=Cc1(Cf2)N With Group-Vi Hexacarbonyls And Salts Of Platinum And Palladium. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1979, 14, 273-287.
Brzezinska, Z. C. ; Cullen, W. R. Soluble (Chlorosilyl)Phosphine And Siloxyphosphine Complexes Of Rhodium(I). Inorganic Chemistry 1979, 18, 3132-3138.
Cullen, W. R. ; McBride, B. C. ; Pickett, A. W. Transformation Of Arsenicals By Candida-Humicola. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 1979, 25, 1201-1205.

1978

Cullen, W. R. ; James, B. R. ; Strukul, G. Chemistry And Catalytic Properties Of Oxidized Rhodium Chlorocarbonyl Complexes, Rh4Cl4(Co)4(O2)2P2 - P = Tertiary Phosphine Ligands. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1978, 56, 1965-1969.
Cullen, W. R. ; Williams, M. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Willis, A. C. Synthesis And Crystal-Structure Of A Pi-Allyl Iron Carbonyl Complex Derived From A Fluorocarbon Containing Ligand By Loss Of Fluorine. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1978, 155, 259-270.
Cullen, W. R. ; Sugi, Y. Asymmetric Hydrogenation Catalyzed By Diphosphinite Rhodium Complexes Derived From A Sugar. Tetrahedron Letters 1978, 1635-1636.

1977

Cullen, W. R. ; Froese, C. L. ; Lui, A. ; McBride, B. C. ; Patmore, D. J. ; Reimer, M. Aerobic Methylation Of Arsenic By Microorganisms In Presence Of L-Methionine-Methyl-D3. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1977, 139, 61-69.
Cullen, W. R. ; Yeh, E. S. Asymmetric Hydrogenation Using Ferrocenylphosphine Rhodium(I) Cationic Complexes. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1977, 139, C13-C16.
Cullen, W. R. ; James, B. R. ; Jenkins, A. D. ; Strukul, G. ; Sugi, Y. Nature Of Some Rhodium(I) Complexes Derived From Polymer-Supported Ligands. Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry Letters 1977, 13, 577-580.

1976

Cullen, W. R. ; Mihichuk, L. M. 7-Coordinate Metal-Carbonyl Derivatives Of Cis-(Ch3)2Asc(Cf3)=C(Cf3)As(Ch3)2. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1976, 54, 2548-2556.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Sams, J. R. ; Scott, J. C. Disubstituted-Derivatives Of (L-L)Fe2(Co)6 (L-L = Fluorocarbon Bridged Ligand). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1976, 54, 3185-3191.
Cullen, W. R. ; Wu, A. W. ; Davis, A. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Hazlett, J. D. Ditertiary (Phosphines And Arsines) With Perfluoro-(Bi-1-Cycloalken-1-Yl) Bridging Groups - Preparation And Properties Including A Solid-State Structure Of A Tetracarbonylmolybdenum Derivative. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1976, 54, 2871-2878.

1975

Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Sams, J. R. ; Scott, J. C. Monosubstituted Derivatives Of (L-L)Fe2(Co)6 (L-L = Fluorocarbon Bridged Ligand). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1975, 53, 2232-2239.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; Price, J. T. ; Spendjian, G. Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Study Of Conformation Of 6-Membered Chelate Rings In 4-Coordinate Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1975, 53, 366-372.
Cullen, W. R. ; Patmore, D. J. ; Chapman, A. J. ; Jenkins, A. D. Poly(Methallyl Alcohol)-Supported Rhodium Hydrogenation Catalysts. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1975, 102, C12-C14.
Cullen, W. R. ; Pomeroy, R. K. {Preparation Of Some Complexes Of Type (C6H5)3P[(Ch3)2Asch2Ch(R)Ch2As(Ch3)2]M(Co)3(M=Mo Or W. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1975, 85, 217-224.
Cullen, W. R. ; Pomeroy, R. K. Preparation Of [Diphosmo(Co)4Sncl3]+[Sncl5Oh2]- And Related Derivatives. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 939-941.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Franklin, M. ; Manning, A. R. Reactions Of (Rc=Cr’)Co2(Co)6 Complexes With Monodentate And Bidentate Group 5 Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 2521-2526.
Cullen, W. R. ; Einstein, F. W. B. ; Pomeroy, R. K. ; Vogel, P. L. Structure Of (Ch3)2Asch2Ch2Ch2As(Ch3)2Mn(Co)3Gecl3 In Solid-State And In Solution. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 3017-3020.
Cullen, W. R. ; Pomeroy, R. K. ; Sams, J. R. ; Tsin, T. B. Tin-119 Mossbauer Study Of Complexes With Chlorine-Bridged Tin-Molybdenum And Tin-Tungsten Bonds. Journal of the Chemical Society-Dalton Transactions 1975, 1216-1221.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; Ward, J. E. H. Variable Temperature Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Studies Of Some 5-Membered Ring Chelate Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1975, 53, 1038-1045.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Gerry, M. C. L. ; Lerner, E. C. Cobalt-59 Nuclear-Quadrupole Resonance Of Derivatives Of Dicobalt Octacarbonyl. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 2975-2980.
Adams, R. D. ; Cotton, F. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Hunter, D. L. ; Mihichuk, L. Fluxional Behavior Of Some Dinuclear Iron And Cobalt Hexacarbonyl Compounds With Alkylsulfur And Dialkylphosphorus, Dialkylarsenic, Dialkylgermanium, And Dialkyltin Bridges. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 1395-1399.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. Further Studies On Reactions Of Dicobalt Octacarbonyl With Fluorocarbon-Bridged Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 482-485.
Cullen, W. R. ; Mihichuk, L. Group-6 Metal-Carbonyl Derivatives Of Cis-(Ch3)2Asc(Cf3)=C(Cf3)As(Ch3)2. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1975, 53, 3401-3407.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hou, F. L. Kinetic Study Of Iodine Cleavage Of (Ch3)2Asc=Cas(Ch3)2Cf2Cf2Mn2(Co)8 And Related Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 1975, 14, 3121-3124.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hou, F. L. Kinetic Study Of Thermal Isomerization Of (Ch3)2Asc=Cas(Ch3)2Cf2Cf2Mn2(Co)8 And Related Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1975, 53, 1735-1738.

1974

Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; Ward, J. E. H. Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Study Of Some 5-Membered Rings In Chelate Complexes Of Group-Vi Metal-Carbonyls. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1974, 96, 3422-3431.
Cullen, W. R. ; Price, J. T. Preparation Of Cis-1,3-Bis(Dimethylarsino)-2,2,4,4-Tetramethylcyclobutane And Its Group Vib Metal-Carbonyl Derivatives. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1974, 52, 1108-1113.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; , ; Ward, J. E. H. Some Nmr-Studies On 6-Membered Chelate Rings In Fluorocarbon-Bridged Ditertiary Arsine Metal-Carbonyl Complexes. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 1974, 3, 341-350.
Cullen, W. R. ; Fenster, A. ; James, B. R. Synthesis And Catalytic Properties Of Rhodium(I) Complexes With Chiral Tertiary Phosphine Ligands. Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry Letters 1974, 10, 167-170.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Gerry, M. C. L. ; Yiaw, P. S. Chlorine Nuclear-Quadrupole Resonance-Spectra Of 1-Substituted 2-Chloropolyfluorocycloalkenes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1974, 52, 3484-3488.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Gerry, M. C. L. Cobalt-59 Nuclear-Quadrupole Resonance Studies On 5-Coordinate Cobalt Complexes. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1974, 52, 3695-3698.
Cullen, W. R. ; Patmore, D. J. ; Sams, J. R. ; Scott, J. C. Iron-57 And Antimony-121 Mossbauer Spectroscopic Studies Of [Xnsb(Fe(Co)2 (Pi-C5H5))4-N]+ Species - Nature Of Iron-Antimony Bond. Inorganic Chemistry 1974, 13, 649-655.
Cullen, W. R. ; Mihichuk, L. ; Einstein, F. W. ; Field, J. S. Novel Cleavage Products From Reaction Of A Ditertiary Arsine With M2(Co)10 (M=Mnorre). Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 1974, 73, C53-C55.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; Ward, J. E. H. Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Study Of Conformational Preferences Of Some Manganese Carbonyl Halide Chelate Complexes Of Di(Tertiary Arsines). Journal of the American Chemical Society 1974, 96, 3431-3437.
Cullen, W. R. ; Hall, L. D. ; Price, J. T. ; , Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Study Of Conformations Of 6-Membered Chelate Rings In Metal-Carbonyl Complexes Of Di(Tertiary Arsines). Journal of the American Chemical Society 1974, 96, 410-414.

1973

Cullen, W. R. ; Jull, A. J. T. Fluoroalicyclic Derivatives Of Cobalt Carbonyl. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1973, 51, 1521-1524.
Cullen, W. R. ; Mihichuk, L. Iron Carbonyl-Complexes Of Diastereomers Of Cis-(C6H5)(Ch3)Asc(Cf3)=C(Cf3)As(Ch3)(C6H5). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1973, 51, 936-941.
Clark, M. G. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Garrod, R. E. B. ; Maddock, A. G. ; Sams, J. R. Mossbauer Measurements Of Electric-Field Gradient At Iron In Some Pentacoordinate Phosphine-Carbonyl-Iron (0) Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 1973, 12, 1045-1051.
Chia, L. S. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Sams, J. R. ; Ward, J. E. H. Some New Iron Carbonyl Cluster Complexes Of Di(Tertiary-Arsines). Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie 1973, 51, 3223-3229.
Bear, C. A. ; Cullen, W. R. ; Kutney, J. P. ; Ridaura, V. E. ; Trotter, J. ; , Studies In Dihydropyridine Series .1. Novel And Stable Complexes Of N-Methyl-3-Ethyl-1,2-Dihydropyridine And N-Methyl-3-Ethyl-1,6-Dihydropyridine. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1973, 95, 3058-3060.
Cullen, W. R. ; Patmore, D. J. ; Sams, J. R. Synthesis Of Transition-Metal Derivatives Of Arsenic, Antimony, And Bismuth With M-E Sigma Bonds. Inorganic Chemistry 1973, 12, 867-872.