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Velocity-difference induced focusing of nucleotides in capillary electrophoresis with a dynamic pH junction

TitleVelocity-difference induced focusing of nucleotides in capillary electrophoresis with a dynamic pH junction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsBritz-McKibbin, P, Bebault, GM, Chen, DDY
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume72
Pagination1729-1735
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0003-2700
KeywordsDNA-ADDUCTS, ELECTROPHORESIS, INJECTION, ISOTACHOPHORESIS, MICELLAR ELECTROKINETIC CHROMATOGRAPHY, NEUTRAL ANALYTES, SAMPLE SELF-STACKING, SEPARATION, TRIPHOSPHATES, VOLUME, ZONE
Abstract

Velocity-difference induced focusing (V-DIF) of nucleotides was achieved by using a dynamic pH junction in capillary electrophoresis (CE) with UV detection. The influence of specific analyte properties, such as nucleotide base structure, sugar structure, and degree of phosphorylation, is examined. The pK(a) values and berate complexation with vicinal diols are important factors that caused the focusing. Therefore, the pH and berate content in the sample and background electrolyte can be adjusted to optimize the focusing effect. This method allows the injection of large volumes of sample (similar to 300 nL), resulting in at least 50-fold improvement in concentration sensitivity. The detection limit of 4.0 x 10(-8) M for nucleotides can be achieved in favorable conditions. V-DIF can be also applied to nucleotide pool analysis from cell extracts to improve the concentration sensitivity of CE and to reduce the time-consuming steps of desalting and off-line preconcentration that are often required for assays of nucleotides from biological samples.

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