|Title||The synthesis of some mechanistic probes for sialic acid processing enzymes and the labeling of a sialidase from Trypanosoma rangeli|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Watts, AG, Withers, SG|
|Journal||CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE CHIMIE|
Sialyl hydrolases, trans-sialidases, and sialyl transferases are biologically important enzymes that are responsible for the incorporation and removal of sialic acid residues, which decorate many cell surface glycocongugates. Two fluorinated sialic acid derivatives have been synthesized as mechanism-based inactivators, to probe the catalytic mechanisms through which sialidases and trans-sialidases operate. Both compounds are known to be covalent inactivators of a trans-sialidase from Trypanosoma cruzi. Here, 3-fluorosialosyl fluoride has been found to covalently label the catalytic nucleophile of a sialidase from T. rangeli, and the residue involved is shown to be Tyr346 within the sequence DENSGYSSVL. This is the first demonstration that sialidases operate through a covalent glycosyl-enzyme intermediate, strongly suggesting a common catalytic mechanism amongst all members of the sialidase superfamily. CMP-3-fluoro sialic acid is a competitive inhibitor of sialyl transferases and was synthesized via a two-step enzymatic process from commercially available N-acetyl mannosamine, 3-fluoropyruvic acid, and cytidine triphosphate in around 84% yield.