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Roles for the Drs2p-Cdc50p complex in protein transport and phosphatidylserine asymmetry of the yeast plasma membrane

TitleRoles for the Drs2p-Cdc50p complex in protein transport and phosphatidylserine asymmetry of the yeast plasma membrane
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsChen, S, Wang, JY, Muthusamy, BP, Liu, K, Zare, S, Andersen, RJ, Graham, TR
JournalTraffic
Volume7
Pagination1503-1517
Date PublishedNov
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1398-9219
Keywordsannexin V, ATPase, B, CARBOXYPEPTIDASE-Y, Cdc50p, clathrin, CLATHRIN-COATED VESICLES, Drs2p, flippase, Golgi complex, GOLGI-COMPLEX, IN-VIVO, INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, P-type, P-TYPE ATPASES, papuamide, phosphatidylserine, PHOSPHOLIPID, PUTATIVE AMINOPHOSPHOLIPID, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, TRANSLOCASES, TRANSLOCATION, VACUOLAR PROTEINS
Abstract

Drs2p, a P-type adenosine triphosphatase required for a phosphatidylserine (PS) flippase activity in the yeast trans Golgi network (TGN), was first implicated in protein trafficking by a screen for mutations synthetically lethal with arf1 (swa). Here, we show that SWA4 is allelic to CDC50, encoding a membrane protein previously shown to chaperone Drs2p from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi complex. We find that cdc50 Delta exhibits the same clathrin-deficient phenotypes as drs2 Delta, including delayed transport of carboxypeptidase Y to the vacuole, mislocalization of resident TGN enzymes and the accumulation of aberrant membrane structures. These trafficking defects precede appearance of cell polarity defects in cdc50 Delta, suggesting that the latter are a secondary consequence of disrupting Golgi function. Involvement of Drs2p-Cdc50p in PS translocation suggests a role in restricting PS to the cytosolic leaflet of the Golgi and plasma membrane. Annexin V binding and papuamide B hypersensitivity indicate that drs2 Delta or cdc50 Delta causes a loss of plasma membrane PS asymmetry. However, clathrin and other endocytosis null mutants also exhibit a comparable loss of PS asymmetry, and studies with drs2-ts and clathrin (chc1-ts) conditional mutants suggest that loss of plasma membrane asymmetry is a secondary consequence of disrupting protein trafficking.

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