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Reactive uptake of NO3, N2O5, NO2, HNO3, and O-3 on three types of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon surfaces

TitleReactive uptake of NO3, N2O5, NO2, HNO3, and O-3 on three types of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon surfaces
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsGross, S, Bertram, AK
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume112
Pagination3104-3113
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1089-5639
Abstract

We investigated the reactive uptake of NO3, N2O5, NO2, HNO3, and O-3 on three types of solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using a coated wall flow tube reactor coupled to a chemical ionization mass spectrometer. The PAH surfaces studied were the 4-ring systems pyrene, benz[a]anthracene, and fluoranthene. Reaction of NO3 radicals with all three PAHs was observed to be very fast with the reactive uptake coefficient, gamma, ranging from 0.059 (+0.11/-0.049) for benz[a]anthracene at 273 K to 0.79 (+0.21/-0.67) for pyrene at room temperature. In contrast to the NO3 reactions, reactions of the different PAHs with the other gas-phase species (N2O5, NO2, HNO3, and O-3) were at or below the detection limit (gamma <= 6.6 x 10(-5)) in all cases, illustrating that these reactions are at best slow. For NO3 we also investigated the time dependence of the reactive uptake to determine if the surface-bound PAH molecules were active participants in the reaction (i.e., reactants). Reaction of NO3 on all three PAH surfaces slowed down at 263 K after long NO3 exposure times, suggesting that the PAH molecules were reactants. Additionally, NO2 and HNO3 were identified as major gas-phase products. Our results show that under certain atmospheric conditions, NO3 radicals can be a more important sink for PAHs than NO2, HNO3, N2O5, or O-3 and impact tropospheric lifetimes of surface-bound PAHs.

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