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Rationale, design and baseline characteristics of the PROJECT II study: PROpofol CardioproTECTion for Type II diabetics A randomized, controlled trial of high-dose propofol versus isoflurane preconditioning in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery b

TitleRationale, design and baseline characteristics of the PROJECT II study: PROpofol CardioproTECTion for Type II diabetics A randomized, controlled trial of high-dose propofol versus isoflurane preconditioning in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery b
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsAnsley, DM, Raedschelders, K, Chen, DDY, Choi, PT
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume30
Pagination380-385
Date PublishedJul
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1551-7144
Keywords15-F-2T-ISOPROSTANE FORMATION, antioxidant, apoptosis, CAPACITY, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Diabetes mellitus, EXPRESSION, F2-isoprostanes, HYPERGLYCEMIA, INJURY, MORTALITY, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, Nitric oxide synthase type III, PREDICTORS, Propofol, SHORT-TERM
Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of death globally and results in significant morbidity and mortality following surgery. After cardiac surgery, diabetic patients are especially at risk for low cardiac output syndrome, which can quadruple the risk for postoperative death. Attempts to prevent low cardiac output syndrome have focused on increasing myocardial tolerance to ischemia (preconditioning), which involves the myocardial mitochondrial ATP-regulated K-ATP channel. G-protein initiation, nitric oxide synthase, and protein kinase C. Unfortunately, the signal transduction pathways required for preconditioning are corrupted in diabetes. Effective antioxidant intervention during ischemia-reperfusion appears important for preserving myocardial function: thus, alleviating oxidant-mediated post-ischemic injury by increasing antioxidant defenses (cardioprotection) is an alternative to preconditioning. Our previous work suggests that propofol(2,6-diisopropylphenol), an intravenous anesthetic with antioxidant potential, may confer cardioprotection. In this paper, we describe the rationale and methodology of the Pro-TECT II Study, a Phase II randomized controlled trial designed to explore the relationships of biomarkers of oxidative or nitrosative stress in diabetes, to determine the effect of propofol cardioprotection to counteract these effects in patients undergoing elective primary coronary bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, and to provide feasibility and sample size data needed to conduct Phase III trials. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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