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Radiosynthesis and evaluation of 18F-AmBF3-TOC for imaging somatostatin receptor with positron emission tomography

TitleRadiosynthesis and evaluation of 18F-AmBF3-TOC for imaging somatostatin receptor with positron emission tomography
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsZhang, Z, Dude, I, Jenni, S, Liu, Z(Zippo), Hundal-Jabal, N, Colpo, N, Perrin, D, Lin, K-S, Bénard, F
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine

1136Objectives Previously, we reported an ammonio-trifluoroborate octreotate conjugate, 18F-AmBF3-TATE, that achieved high contrast for imaging somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2r). In this study, we investigated if this strategy could be applied to the potent sst2r binder TOC as well.Methods AmBF3-TOC was prepared by conjugating azidoacetyl-TOC with N-propargyl-N,N-dimethylammoniomethyl-trifluoroborate via click chemistry. The binding affinity of AmBF3-TOC to sst2r was determined by in vitro competition binding assay. 18F-labeling was performed via 18F-19F isotope exchange with 18F-fluoride, and 18F-AmBF3-TOC was purified by solid phase extraction using a C18 Sep-Pak cartridge. PET imaging and biodistribution studies were performed in mice bearing sst2r-expressing ZR-75-1 human breast cancer xenograft.Results AmBF3-TOC bound sst2r with high affinity (Ki= 2.3 ± 1.3 nM). 18F-AmBF3-TOC was obtained in 25 min in 17 ± 1 % decay-corrected radiochemical yield with 94 ± 2 % (n = 3) radiochemical purity. 88% and 63% of 18F-AmBF3-TOC remained intact after 1 and 2 h incubation, respectively at 37 °C in mouse plasma. PET imaging and biodistribution showed that 18F-AmBF3-TOC was excreted mainly via renal pathway. The tumor uptake of 18F-AmBF3-TOC was 12.6 ± 3.66 %ID/g at 75 min post-injection, and the tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-muscle ratios were 10.9 ± 0.64 and 48.4 ± 0.58, respectively.Conclusions 18F-AmBF3-TOC retained high binding affinity to sst2r, and showed excellent pharmacokinetic properties with high tumor uptake and tumor-to-background contrast. Due to the superior radionuclidic and imaging properties of 18F, 18F-AmBF3-TOC could have a widespread applicability than 68Ga-DOTA-TOC for detection of sst2r-expressing neuroendocrine tumors with PET.