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A novel functional polymer with tunable LCST

TitleA novel functional polymer with tunable LCST
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsZou, YQ, Brooks, DE, Kizhakkedathu, JN
JournalMacromolecules
Volume41
Pagination5393-5405
Date PublishedJul
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0024-9297
Keywords2-(2-METHOXYETHOXY)ETHYL METHACRYLATE, AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, N-ISOPROPYLACRYLAMIDE, OLIGO(ETHYLENE GLYCOL) METHACRYLATE, POLYMERS, PROTEINS, SMART, SOLID TUMORS, STIMULI-RESPONSIVE POLYMERS, TEMPERATURE, TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
Abstract

Poly(N-[(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane)methyl]acrylamide) (PDMDOMA), a novel thermo-responsive polymer containing pendant dioxolane groups was synthesized via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Water soluble PDMDOMAs with controlled molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distribution were obtained. GPC-MALLS and MALDI-TOF-MS analysis verified the controlled nature of polymerization. It was found that an aqueous solution of PDMDOMA has a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) around 23 degrees C. The LCST of PDMDOMA was finely tuned over a wide temperature range by the partial hydrolysis of the acid labile dioxolane side group to form diol moieties (PDMDOMA diols). Unlike the traditional way of controlling LCST by copolymerization, the advantage of this method is that a series of thermo-responsive polymers with different LCST can be prepared from a single batch of polymer with comparable molecular weight profiles. The LCST of the resulting PDMDOMA diols increased almost linearly up to 28 mol % of diol in the copolymer and the LCST disappeared above 43 mol % diol content. The diol moiety generated during the hydrolysis was further oxidized to create aldehyde functionalities along the polymer backbone (PDMDOMA-aldehyde). The NMR analysis indicates that the aldehyde groups in the polymer exist in equilibrium with their covalent hydrates in water. The presence and reactivity of aldehyde groups on the PDMDOMA-aldehyde was verified by reaction with propylamine and aniline. The LCST of PDMDOMA-aldehyde did not change significantly compared to the precursor diol polymer. However, the propylamine or aniline derivatives showed a dramatic decrease in the LSCT possibly due to an increase in the hydrophobic character. The LCST of PDMDOMA-propylamine and PDMDOMA-aniline derivatives depends on the composition and nature of the attached groups. The structure of PDMDOMA and its derivatives were fully characterized by H-1, C-13, and 2D HMQC NMR, GPC-MALLS, and MALDI-TOF-MS.

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