Analysis of polyaromatic quinones in a complex environmental matrix using gas chromatography ion trap tandem mass spectrometry
|Title||Analysis of polyaromatic quinones in a complex environmental matrix using gas chromatography ion trap tandem mass spectrometry|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Authors||Mosi AA, Reimer KJ, Eigendorf GK|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||CHROMATOGRAPHY, collision induced dissociation, environmental analysis, GAS, ION TRAP, polyaromatic quinones, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Tandem mass spectrometry|
GC/MS and GC/MS/MS in a quadrupole ion trap were used to analyze for anthraquinone, alkyl anthraquinones, benz[a]anthracene-7,12-dione and 9-fluoranone in a sediment obtained from an aluminum smelter settling pond contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. By standard GC/MS analysis many of these target compounds were either undetectable or their confirmation uncertain because of matrix interferences. Detection and identification were greatly improved by using GC/MS/MS. GC/MS/MS analyses were performed by selecting the molecular ion (M) of a target compound and fragmenting it via collision induced dissociation (CID) to yield product ions corresponding to loss of CO for unsubstituted compounds or CO plus CH3 for alkylated compounds. The CID conditions were optimized using anthraquinone and 2-methylanthraquinone standards by varying the CID excitation energy and RF storage levels to yield optimum amounts of fragment ions. CID experiments were performed using both resonant and non-resonant wave forms. Although both excitation techniques gave comparable results for the removal of matrix interferences, non-resonant excitation provided more characteristic spectra for the alkylated anthraquinones. Monitoring of secondary fragmentation products, such as M-2CO, provided greater discrimination from matrix interferences than the use of primary fragmentation products, such as M-CO. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.