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Monitoring potential prostate cancer biomarkers in urine by capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry

TitleMonitoring potential prostate cancer biomarkers in urine by capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSoliman, LC, Hui, Y, Hewavitharana, AK, Chen, DDY
JournalJOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A
Volume1267
Pagination162-169
Date PublishedDEC 7
ISSN0021-9673
Abstract

Current prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis based on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been gradually losing its credibility over the last decade due to contradictory results in published literature and clinical practice. Recently, a group of potential PCa biomarkers in urine, particularly sarcosine, was found to increase significantly as the cancer progressed to metastasis. We report a simple, robust, and reproducible CE-ESI-MS/MS method for the determination of sarcosine and other representative potential biomarkers in pooled urine. The pooled urine was obtained from 20 healthy adult volunteers between the ages of 23-30 years old. A solid phase extraction (SPE) technique was optimized for maximum recovery of sarcosine. With no derivatization step, excellent resolution between sarcosine and its isomers (alpha-alanine and beta-alanine) was achieved. A separate non-SPE method was also developed for quantitative determination of highly concentrated urinary metabolites. CE separation was performed on a positively-charged, polyethyleneimine (PEI)-coated capillary using 0.4-2% formic acid in 50% methanol. Precision for intra- and inter-day standard addition calibration of sarcosine were found to be within 15%, whereas intra-day precisions for the rest of the metabolites varied from 0.03 to 13.4%. Acceptable intra-day and inter-day accuracies, ranging from 80 to 124%, were obtained for sarcosine and the other metabolites. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.chroma.2012.07.021